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Recent studies indicate the existence of progenitor cells and their potential for neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampus of the normal adult mammalian brain. However, the proliferative response and the specific cell types generated following traumatic brain injury have not been examined. This cellular response to CNS injury was(More)
Laboratory studies have identified numerous potential therapeutic interventions that might have clinical application for the treatment of human traumatic brain injury. Many of these therapies have progressed into human clinical trials in severe traumatic brain injury. Numerous trials have been completed, and many others have been prematurely terminated or(More)
BACKGROUND In previous studies, it has been shown that intravenous lactate therapy can improve brain neurochemistry, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generation and outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. In this study, we examined: (1) four L-lactate concentrations to determine the optimal therapeutic dose post TBI in terms of cognitive function;(More)
A traumatic cerebral contusion causes a zone of perifocal neuronal necrosis, the cause of which is not known; the surgical management of these lesions remains controversial. To determine the pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for brain damage after contusions, the authors performed cerebral blood flow (CBF) mapping studies and related these to change(More)
Recent studies have identified endogenous neural stem cells in adult rodent brains. The present study characterizes the early response of mitotically active cells in the brain to traumatic brain injury. Animals were subjected to lateral fluid percussion injury and sacrificed at various times after injury. To examine increases in cell proliferation animals(More)
Pathological processes affecting presynaptic terminals may contribute to morbidity following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Posttraumatic widespread neuronal depolarization and elevated extracellular potassium and glutamate are predicted to alter the transduction of action potentials in terminals into reliable synaptic transmission and postsynaptic(More)
OBJECT The pathogenesis of traumatic brain swelling remains unclear. The generally held view is that brain swelling is caused primarily by vascular engorgement and that edema plays a relatively minor role in the swelling process. The goal of this study was to examine the roles of cerebral blood volume (CBV) and edema in traumatic brain swelling. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence of neurogenic fever (NF) in a population of patients in the acute phase following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI); to identify factors associated with the development of NF following severe TBI in adults. METHODS Charts of patients admitted from 1996 to 1999 with severe TBI at a large, urban mid-Atlantic teaching(More)
INTRODUCTION Intracranial pressure (ICP) has become a cornerstone of care in adult and pediatric patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DISCUSSION Despite the fact that continuous monitoring of ICP in TBI was described almost 60 years ago, there are no randomized trials confirming the benefit of ICP monitoring and treatment in TBI. There is, however,(More)
To assess the relationship between posttraumatic cerebral hyperemia and focal cerebral damage, the authors performed cerebral blood flow mapping studies by single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) in 53 patients within 3 weeks of brain injury. Focal zones of hyperemia were present in 38% of patients. Hyperemia was correlated with clinical(More)