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OBJECTIVE To review the various clinical manifestations of Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) or Kunjin virus encephalitis in patients in Western Australia. DESIGN Review of clinical records, 1978 to 1991. PATIENTS Of 26 reported cases of Australian encephalitis, four were excluded from study because the patient's symptoms were not definitely associated(More)
In 1986, the prevalences of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and other serological markers of infection with hepatitis B virus in the Western Australian adult Aboriginal population, were estimated using a stratified random sample of 1,150 subjects. When the estimates were standardised to the age and sex distribution of the total population of aborigines(More)
The diagnosis of hepatitis A infection is usually based on the presence of hepatitis A specific IgM in a single serum sample. The fortuitous observation in one patient that this reactivity was apparently still present 19 mth after her original illness led to the discovery that the ABBOTT HAVAB-M kit method may produce false positive results. A series of(More)
Of 1947 Aboriginal women who resided in non-metropolitan regions of Western Australia and gave birth during January 1983 to February 1985, 42% of women were screened prenatally for the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The proportions of Aboriginal women who were screened varied from 17% in the southern divisions to 72% in the Kimberley(More)
A direct ultracentrifugation technique was used in the preparation of skin lesion specimens for examination by electron microscopy. The concentration factor of centrifuged specimens was estimated to be in excess of 1,000-fold compared to conventional adsorption techniques. This resulted in an increase of over 300% in the detection rate of herpesviruses and(More)
A woman with herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) in the third trimester of pregnancy is described. She was treated with acyclovir and recovered completely to deliver a normal child per vaginam at term. She had no evidence of genital or disseminated herpes virus infection. This paper illustrates that (1) the outcome of HSE in pregnancy can be favorable both(More)
The fluorescent antibody (FA) test for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific IgM antibody was improved by the use of sodium butyrate to induce a higher level of EBV antigen expression in P3HR-1 slide preparations and by removal of rheumatoid factor (RF) and IgG antibodies from test sera by means of adsorption with suspensions of Sepharose-IgG and Streptococcus(More)
Human herpes virus type 6 (HHV-6) was isolated from the peripheral blood lymphocytes of a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Antibodies to this herpes virus were found to be widespread among adults and children in Western Australia. Co-infection studies indicated that HIV replication was inhibited by the presence of HHV-6.