M. R. Arshad

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Treatment planning poses difficulties in edentulous patients for orthognathic surgery prediction and fixation.Treatment of severe class III malocclusion frequently requires orthognathic surgical procedures. For such patients, orthognathic surgery would be the only option before prosthetic rehabilitation.This clinical report describes step-by-step(More)
OBJECTIVE Accurate prediction of the surgical outcome is important in treating dentofacial deformities. Visualized treatment objectives usually involve manual surgical simulation based on tracing of cephalometric radiographs. Recent technical advancements have led to the use of computer assisted imaging systems in treatment planning for orthognathic(More)
In this paper, the development of an underwater robotic vehicle is described. The description includes the mechanical and controller design, and the sensor integration. The vehicle has been designed to have a dimension 1.0 m long, 0.7 m wide and with a mass of 30 kg. The USM-AUV I was designed mainly for testing conventional and advanced control algorithms.(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare and quantify the presence of periodontal pathogens Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aac) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) in Down's syndrome (DS) and systemically healthy subjects with periodontitis and gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-nine age-matched subjects were categorized into four groups; Group I: DS subjects(More)
— This paper presents an analysis of homeostatic controller, which controls the motion of a hybrid-driven underwater glider. The homeostatic controller is inspired from a biological process known as homeostasis, which maintains a stable state in the face of massively dynamics conditions. Within a biological context, organism homeostasis is an emergent(More)
Animals help to sustain the environment’s life cycle and ecosystem. Without human intervention, these creatures carry out their ‘spontaneous routine’ jobs and contribute towards balance in nature. Any natural system that congregates as a result of some form of collective intelligence of nature is also known as swarm intelligence (SI). This metaphor inspires(More)