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We have developed RNA molecules capable of effecting spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing reactions with a target messenger RNA precursor (pre-mRNA). Targeted trans-splicing was demonstrated in a HeLa nuclear extract, cultured human cells, and H1299 human lung cancer tumors in athymic mice. Trans-splicing between a cancer-associated pre-mRNA encoding the(More)
Spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing (SMaRT) was investigated as a means for functionally correcting endogenous DeltaF508 cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) transcripts using in vitro human cystic fibrosis (CF) polarized airway epithelia and in vivo human CF bronchial xenografts. Recombinant adenovirus (Ad.CFTR-PTM) encoding a(More)
The functional repertoire of the human genome is amplified by the differential assortment of exons. Spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing can mobilize these packets of genetic information to reprogram mRNAs. In principle, this process could repair defective transcripts in loss-of-function genetic disorders in humans. We developed a tractable lacZ repair(More)
Linear TAR RNA has previously been used as a decoy to inhibit HIV-1 transcription in vitro and HIV-1 replication in vivo. A 48 nucleotide circular RNA containing the stem, bulge and loop of the HIV-1 TAR element was synthesized using the self-splicing activity of a group I permuted intron-exon and was tested for its ability to function as a TAR decoy in(More)
Spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing (SMaRT) provides an effective means to reprogram mRNAs and the proteins they encode. SMaRT technology has a broad range of applications, including RNA repair and molecular imaging, each governed by the nature of the sequences delivered by the pre-trans-splicing molecule. Here, we show the ability of SMaRT to optically(More)
UNLABELLED Molecular imaging of gene expression is currently hindered by the lack of a generalizable platform for probe design. For any gene of interest, a probe that targets protein levels must often be generated empirically. Targeting gene expression at the level of mRNA, however, would allow probes to be built on the basis of sequence information alone.(More)
A circularly permuted self-splicing group I intron from Anabaena was used to generate covalently closed circular trans-acting ribozymes in Escherichia coli. The RNA component of Bacillus subtilis RNaseP and an artificial trans-acting hepatitis delta virus ribozyme were expressed as the exon portion of the permuted intron. RNA isolated from these cells(More)
Most messenger RNA precursors (pre-mRNA) undergo cis-splicing in which introns are excised and the adjoining exons from a single pre-mRNA are ligated together to form mature messenger RNA. This reaction is driven by a complex known as the spliceosome. Spliceosomes can also combine sequences from two independently transcribed pre-mRNAs in a process known as(More)
Gene therapy of large genes (e.g. plectin and collagen genes) is hampered by size limitations for insertions of the currently used viral vectors. To reduce the size of these insertions spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing (SMaRT), which provides intron-specific gene-correction at the pre-RNA level, can be an alternative approach. To test its(More)