We measure the anisotropic midinfrared response of electrons and phonons in bulk YBa(2)Cu(3)O(7-δ) after femtosecond photoexcitation. A line shape analysis of specific lattice modes reveals their transient occupation and coupling to the superconducting condensate. The apex oxygen vibration is strongly excited within 150 fs, demonstrating that the lattice… (More)
Condensation of bosons causes spectacular phenomena such as superfluidity or superconductivity. Understanding the nature of the condensed particles is crucial for active control of such quantum phases. Fascinating possibilities emerge from condensates of light-matter-coupled excitations, such as exciton-polaritons, photons hybridized with hydrogen-like… (More)
We map out the band structure of a one-dimensional photonic crystal while a 12-fs control pulse activates ultrastrong interaction with quantized electronic transitions in semiconductor quantum wells. Phase-locked multi-terahertz transients trace the buildup of a large vacuum Rabi splitting and an unexpected asymmetric formation of the upper and lower… (More)
We study Ba(Fe,Co)<sub>2</sub>As<sub>2</sub> by combined ellipsometry and ultrabroadband terahertz pump-probe experiments. The distinctive destruction/recovery dynamics of the superconducting and spin density wave gaps as well as coherent oscillations are resolved.
We probe the mid-infrared conductivity of YBa<inf>2</inf>Cu<inf>3</inf>O<inf>7-δ</inf> parallel and perpendicular to the CuO<inf>2</inf> planes after 12-fs optical excitation. Quasiparticle excitations and specific lattice modes are traced simultaneously during the photoinduced non-thermal transition to the normal state. The condensate is completely… (More)