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Because of their similarities, serotonin 5-HT2, 5-HT1C, and the recently described 5-HT2F receptors have been classified as members of the 5-HT2 receptor family, and they have been renamed 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C and 5-HT2B, respectively. The regional distribution and cellular localization of mRNA coding for the members of 5-HT2 receptor family were investigated in(More)
Several transcription factors are expressed at higher levels in the waking than in the sleeping brain. In experiments with rats, the locus coeruleus, a noradrenergic nucleus with diffuse projections, was found to regulate such expression. In brain regions depleted of noradrenergic innervation, amounts of c-Fos and nerve growth factor-induced A after waking(More)
In order to localize the cells expressing 5-HT1A receptors in the rat brain, we used in situ hybridization histochemistry to visualize the distribution of the mRNA coding for 5-HT1A receptors. Oligonucleotides derived from different parts of the coding region of the rat 5-HT1A receptor gene were used as hybridization probes. 5-HT1A binding sites were(More)
32P-labelled oligonucleotides complementary to rat 5-HT2 receptor mRNA were used as probes to study the distribution of cells in rat brain containing the mRNA coding for this receptor by in situ hybridization histochemistry. 5-HT2 receptor binding sites were visualized by autoradiography using [125I]DOI as ligand. Both distributions were comparable,(More)
The time-course of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-induced lesions (2, 5 and 14 days after i.c.v. injection of 150 micrograms) and the effects of acute reserpine treatment (10 mg/kg, i.p., one or 5 days before scheduled death), were evaluated by autoradiography of [3H]paroxetine binding sites in the rat brain. Reserpine had no significant effect on [3H]paroxetine(More)
The molecular mechanisms involved in sleep regulation and function are largely unknown, and our understanding of the localization of such mechanisms within specific brain structures is still incomplete. In this work, we explored the consequences of sleep deprivation by the immunocytochemical mapping of the induction of the protein product of the immediate(More)
Caspase 3 (CPP32/Yama/apopain), a mammalian homolog of the Caenorhabditis elegans pro-cell death gene ced-3, is required for normal programmed cell death (PCD) in the nematode. Its prior deletion by homologous recombination in mice resulted in embryonic/early postnatal lethality associated with dramatic central nervous system (CNS) hyperplasia, yet a(More)
Space flight produces profound changes of neuronal activity in the mammalian vestibular and reticular systems, affecting postural and motor functions. These changes are compensated over time by plastic alterations in the brain. Immediate early genes (IEGs) are useful indicators of both activity changes and neuronal plasticity. We studied the expression of(More)
DNA fragmentation is a hallmark of apoptosis, and has been viewed as a short-lived process (<hour) that immediately precedes cell elimination. However, use of sensitive techniques like in situ end-labelling plus (ISEL+) has indicated that the period between the initiation of detectable fragmentation and cell elimination could be longer (days). To address(More)
In this study, we mapped the expression of two immediate-early genes to examine the functional activation of the locus coeruleus and other regions of the rat brain after periods of spontaneous wakefulness or sleep and after sleep deprivation. c-fos and NGFI-A are two immediate-early genes that are rapidly induced by physiological stimuli and can be used as(More)