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A method for high-throughput Caco-2 permeability screening of drug candidates has been developed using thirteen generic drugs as test compounds. The high throughput was achieved by either a sample pooling or a cassette dosing approach, along with the use of a rapid, simple and sensitive direct injection/on-line guard cartridge extraction/tandem mass(More)
This paper presents liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) approaches for the rapid characterization of three urinary isomeric metabolites and their two precursor metabolites of SYN-2836, a novel antifungal agent, in dogs administered multiple oral doses of the agent (30 mg kg(-1)(More)
The in vitro and in vivo activities of four azole compounds belonging to a new series of 2(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(4-substituted piperazin-1-yl)-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) butanol antifungal agents is described. The compounds were selected from a library of azole compounds synthesized by our group. The in vitro activities of Syn2869, Syn2836, Syn2903, and(More)
A simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with UV detection was developed and validated for the quantitation of SYN-2869, a novel triazole antifungal agent and its analogs in rat plasma. The method involved a simple precipitation of plasma protein with acetonitrile (1:10 ratio). The reconstituted sample after evaporation(More)
A simple and rugged reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method with ultraviolet absorbance detection at 263 nm was developed and validated for the analysis of novel triazole antifungal agents SYN-2869 and its derivatives in tissues. The method involved homogenization with 0.01 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.8) for lung, brain and spleen(More)
A simple, efficient procedure was developed for the preparation of urine samples, which greatly facilitated the identification of the urinary metabolites of a new antifungal agent SYN-2836. The urine samples following dilution with acetonitrile (ACN) formed distinct upper (ACN) and lower (aqueous) solution phases. The SYN-2836 metabolites were concentrated(More)
A rapid, selective, sensitive and reproducible HPLC-electrospray tandem mass spectrometric method has been developed for the analysis of novel triazole antifungal agents, SYN-2869 and its derivatives (SYN-2836, SYN-2903 and SYN-2921), in rat plasma using SYN-2506 as an internal standard. Isolation of these compounds from plasma and sample desalting were(More)
The pharmacokinetics and distribution in tissue of several novel triazole antifungal agents were studied in different animal species in order to select an appropriate lead compound. The purpose of the study was also to determine species differences in pharmacokinetics for SYN azoles to select the most appropriate species for secondary efficacy and(More)
This report presents the structural elucidation of 12 urinary metabolites of SYN-2836, a new antifungal agent showing extensive metabolism in beagle dogs, using complementary liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) methodologies. The 12 SYN-2836 metabolites were readily divided into four groups by considering that all three members of each(More)
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