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BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) reduces motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and improves their quality of life; however, the effect of DBS on cognitive functions and its psychiatric side-effects are still controversial. To assess the neuropsychiatric consequences of DBS in patients with PD we did(More)
Background. The ventro-lateral thalamus is the stereotactic target of choice for severe intention tremor. Nevertheless, the optimal target area has remained controversial, and targeting of the subthalamic area has been suggested to be superior. Patients and methods. Eleven patients with disabling intention tremor of different etiology (essential tremor (n =(More)
We recorded resting-state neuronal activity from the human subthalamic nucleus (STN) during functional stereotactic surgeries. By inserting up to five parallel microelectrodes for single- or multiunit recordings and applying statistical spike-sorting methods, we were able to isolate a total of 351 single units in 65 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD)(More)
A slight decline in cognitive functions and especially in executive functioning after deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the nucleus subthalamicus (STN) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) has been described. This study evaluated baseline parameters that contribute to a deterioration of cognitive functioning after DBS. We analyzed data from the(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal was to report the treatment results after a second operation on patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and to investigate if patient's quality of life is improved and survival is lengthened. - METHODS Thirty-eight patients (17%) out of 224 patients with glioblastoma multiforme, treated at our department from 1/93 to(More)
Serious adverse events (SAEs) during the first 30 postoperative days after stereotactic surgery for Deep-Brain-Stimulation performed in 1,183 patients were retrospectively collected from five German stereotactic centers. The mortality rate was 0.4% and causes for death were pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, hepatopathy, and a case of complicated multiple(More)
High-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-HFS) is highly effective in treating motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) and medication side effects as well as in improving quality of life. Despite preoperative screening for patients as eligible candidates for this treatment, electrode position may furthermore influence treatment quality.(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the frequency of different gene mutations in patients with early-onset parkinsonism and bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and the short- and long-term surgical outcome in mutation-positive (MUT+) and -negative (MUT-) patients. METHODS Eighty patients with disease onset at age <or= 45 years and bilateral(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) significantly improves quality of life (QoL) in PD. However, QoL fails to improve in a relevant proportion of patients. We studied clinical baseline and progression parameters associated with improvement in QoL after DBS. Data from a German randomized, controlled study comparing DBS (60 patients)(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the posterior hypothalamus was found to be effective in the treatment of drug-resistant chronic cluster headache. We report the results of a multicentre case series of six patients with chronic cluster headache in whom a DBS in the posterior hypothalamus was performed. Electrodes were implanted stereotactically in the(More)