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The aim of the front end test stand (FETS) project is to demonstrate that chopped low energy beams of high quality can be produced. FETS consists of a 60 mA Penning Surface Plasma Ion Source, a three solenoid low energy beam transport, a 3 MeV radio frequency quadrupole, a chopper, and a comprehensive suite of diagnostics. This paper details the design and(More)
Factors that diminish the effectiveness of phosphorus inputs from a municipal wastewater treatment facility (Metro) in contributing to phosphorus levels and its availability to support algae growth in a culturally eutrophic urban lake (Onondaga Lake, NY) were characterized and quantified. These factors included the bioavailability and settling(More)
This work describes the water collection experiment component of the Megacollect 2004 campaign. Megacollect was a collaborative campaign coordinated by RIT with several institutions to spectrally measure various target/background scenarios with airborne sensors and ground instruments. An extension to the terrestrial campaign was an effort to simultaneously(More)
Inorganic tripton in the upper waters of Cayuga Lake, NY, is characterized, quantified and contrasted for shallow (<6 m) and deep (>100 m) water regions based on analyses with scanning electron microscopy equipped with automated image analysis and X-ray energy spectroscopy (SAX) of samples collected in 1999 and 2000. The impacts of this material on water(More)
Temporal patterns and inter-system differences in the attenuation coefficient for scalar irradiance (K s), Secchi disc transparency (SD), several measures of tripton, and chlorophyll a (Chl) are documented for the lacustrine zones of seven reservoirs (nine distinct basins) in New York (U.S.A.), based on a single year of comprehensive measurements. Analyses(More)
The aim of the front end test stand project is to demonstrate that chopped low energy H(-) beams of high quality can be produced. The beam line currently consists of the ion source, a 3 solenoid low energy beam transport and a suite of diagnostics. A brief status report of the radio frequency quadrupole is given. This paper details the work to optimize the(More)
The ISIS pulsed spallation neutron and muon facility at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) in the UK uses a Penning surface plasma negative hydrogen ion source. Upgrade options for the ISIS accelerator system demand a higher current, lower emittance beam with longer pulse lengths from the injector. The Front End Test Stand is being constructed at RAL(More)
The successful performance of a rapid profiling light absorption instrument in making vertically detailed measurements of gelbstoff (dissolved yellow material) in a mesotrophic water supply reservoir is demonstrated. In situ measurements of gelbstoff spectra (g λ; m− 1) for the photosynthetically active radiation wavelength (λ) interval (400–700 nm), and(More)