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Echocardiography plays an important role in the diagnosis and follow-up of aortic diseases. Evaluation of the aorta is a routine part of the standard echocardiographic examination. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) permits adequate assessment of several aortic segments, particularly the aortic root and proximal ascending aorta. Transoesophageal(More)
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Embolism of cardiac origin accounts for around 15–30% of ischaemic strokes. Strokes due to cardioembolism are generally severe and early and long-term recurrence and mortality are high. The diagnosis of a cardioembolic source of stroke is frequently uncertain and relies on the identification of a potential cardiac source of embolism in the absence of(More)
This review covers the role of three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography in the diagnosis of heart valve disease. Several factors have contributed to the evolution of this technique, which is currently a simple and routine method: rapid evolution in probe and computer technologies, demonstration that 3D data sets allowed more complete and accurate evaluation(More)
BACKGROUND Post-procedural aortic regurgitation (AR) has been described in a large number of patients receiving transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the intraoperative 2-dimensional (2D) and 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic features of the aortic valve associated with significant(More)
AIMS A reduction in tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and peak systolic velocity (PSV) of tricuspid annulus after cardiac surgery is a well-known phenomenon, even though its origin is not well established. Recently, a new three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic software adapted for right ventricular (RV) analysis has been validated. Aims(More)
A method has been developed to match corresponding heart regions from functional echocardiographic (Echo) and metabolic fluorine-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([18F]FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) studies in individual patients. Echo and PET images are spatially correlated by determining homologous anatomical landmarks (the two papillary muscles and(More)
Although pericardial diseases are common in the daily clinical practice and can result in a significant morbidity and mortality, imaging of patients with suspected or known pericardial disorders remain challenging. Multimodality imaging is part of the management of pericardial diseases. Echocardiography, cardiac computed tomography, and cardiovascular(More)
Mitral valve (MV) physiopathological function and the effects of surgical repair can be studied through finite element models (FEMs). However, this approach assumes idealized morphology and boundary conditions limiting the analysis to paradigmatic scenarios and precluding patient-specific surgical planning. To overcome this limitation, we integrated into a(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetics have high prevalence of subclinical coronary artery disease (CAD) with typical characteristics (diffuse disease, large calcifications). Although 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography has high diagnostic accuracy to detect CAD, its diagnostic performance in diabetics with suspected CAD is unknown. To(More)