M. Panayotova-Heiermann

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The Na+ activation and substrate specificity of human, rabbit, and rat Na+-glucose cotransporter (SGLT-1) isoforms were characterized using the Xenopus oocyte expression system and the two-electrode voltageclamp method. We find that there are differences, major and minor, in both the kinetics and substrate specificities between these isoforms; the substrate(More)
Recently a member of the Na+/glucose (SGLT1) gene family of cotransporters was isolated from a pig renal cell line and was thought to be the neutral amino acid transporter System A. This cDNA (Kong, C. T., Yet, S. F., and Lever, J. E. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 1509-1512) encodes a 660-amino acid protein with 76% identity to SGLT1. To confirm and extend the(More)
The Na+-dependent, low affinity glucose transporter SGLT2 cloned from pig kidney is 76% identical (at the amino acid level) to its high affinity homologue SGLT1. Using two-microelectrode voltage clamp, we have characterized the presteady-state and steady-state kinetics of SGLT2 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The kinetic properties of the steady-state(More)
Na(+)-dependent glucose transporters (SGLT1) exhibit transient carrier currents with a time constant (tau) of 2-20 ms, and the charge transfer (Q) fits the Boltzmann equation. There is a 60-mV negative displacement in the tau/V and Q/V curves between the human and rabbit SGLT1 proteins, and the initial goal was to identify the charges responsible for these(More)
Sugar transporters in prokaryotes and eukaryotes belong to a large family of membrane proteins containing 12 transmembrane alpha-helices. They are divided into two classes: one facilitative (uniporters) and the other concentrative (cotransporters or symporters). The concentrative transporters are energised by either H+ or Na+ gradients, which are generated(More)
1. The rabbit Na(+)-glucose cotransporter rbSGLT1 and its carboxy-terminal part, C5, which contains transmembrane helices 10-14 of SGLT1 and functions as a low affinity glucose uniporter, were expressed as individual proteins in Xenopus oocytes. Transport of 55 microM urea, ethylene glycol, mannitol and alpha-methyl-D-glucopyranoside (alphaMDG) by control(More)
The rat Na+/glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) was expressed in Xenopus oocytes and steady-state and transient currents were measured using a two-electrode voltage clamp. The maximal glucose induced Na(+)-dependent inward current was approximately 300-500 nA. The apparent affinity constants for sugar (alpha-methyl-D-glucopyranoside; alpha MDG) (K alpha MDG 0.5)(More)
To investigate the role of charged intramembrane residues in the function of the rabbit Na+/glucose cotransporter (rbSGLT1) we substituted arginine-427 (R427) by alanine in the putative domain M9 SGLT1. This residue is conserved in all the members of the SGLT1 family. The mutant protein (R427A) was expressed in Xenopus oocytes and, although Western blot(More)
Cotransporters are a major class of membrane transport proteins that are responsible for the accumulation of nutrients, neurotransmitters, osmolytes and ions in cells from bacteria to man. The energy for solute accumulation comes from the proton and/or sodium electrochemical gradients that exist across cell membranes. A major problem in biology is how(More)
A truncated human Na(+)/glucose cotransporter (C(5), residues 407-664) was expressed and purified from Escherichia coli using a GST fusion vector and glutathione affinity chromatography. The truncated transporter (C(5)) was cleaved from GST-C(5) by Factor Xa proteolysis and purified by gel filtration chromatography. Up to 1 mg of purified GST-C(5) was(More)