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Contingencies between objects and people can be mechanical or intentional-social in nature. In this fMRI study we used simplified stimuli to investigate brain regions involved in the detection of mechanical and intentional contingencies. Using a factorial design we manipulated the 'animacy' and 'contingency' of stimulus movement, and the subject's attention(More)
Detection of the causal relationships between events is fundamental for understanding the world around us. We report an event-related fMRI study designed to investigate how the human brain processes the perception of mechanical causality. Subjects were presented with mechanically causal events (in which a ball collides with and causes movement of another(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CADASIL is a newly recognized cause of subcortical ischemic strokes that progressively leads to dementia associated with pseudobulbar palsy and severe motor disability. This deleterious progression and the severity of clinical presentation are widely variable among affected subjects. The exact role played by MRI white-matter(More)
We propose a new way for tracking brain white matter fiber bundles in diffusion tensor maps. Diffusion maps provide information about mobility of water protons in different directions. Assuming that diffusion is more important along axons, this information could lead to the direction of fiber bundles in white matter. Nevertheless, protocoles for diffusion(More)
The determining of brain regions that exhibit specific activity during sentence comprehension compared to other non-linguistic cognitive tasks constitutes one of the important challenges in the domain of functional neuroimaging of the faculty of language. In the current paper we report an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (ER-fMRI)(More)
BACKGROUND White matter lesions in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) are underlaid by severe ultrastructural changes of the arteriolar wall. Although chronic ischemia is presumed to cause the tissue lesions, the pattern of perfusion abnormalities and hemodynamic reserve in CADASIL,(More)
In normal viewing, the visual system effortlessly assigns approximately constant attributes of color and shape to perceived objects. A fundamental component of this process is the compensation for illuminant variations and intervening media to recover reflectance properties of natural surfaces. We exploited the phenomenon of transparency perception to(More)
Magnetic resonance experiments require the main magnetic field, B(0), to remain very stable. Several external sources, such as moving ferromagnetic objects and/or changing electromagnetic fields, can significantly change the value of B(0) over time. This work describes an apparent displacement along the phase-encoding axis caused by a variation in B(0).(More)
Previous studies have shown activation of right orbitofrontal cortex during judgments of odor familiarity. In the present study, we sought to extend our knowledge about the neural circuits involved in such a task by exploring the involvement of the right prefrontal areas and limbic/primary olfactory structures. Fourteen right-handed male subjects were(More)
Developing imaging technologies capable of identifying unstable atheromatous plaques in vivo is a major issue of clinical cardiovascular research. These techniques would permit an earlier surgical or medical therapy and would anticipate acute ischemic syndromes. Plaque vulnerability depends on the relative amount and thickness of its lipid core and fibrous(More)