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The proliferation of large-scale DNA-sequencing projects in recent years has driven a search for alternative methods to reduce time and cost. Here we describe a scalable, highly parallel sequencing system with raw throughput significantly greater than that of state-of-the-art capillary electrophoresis instruments. The apparatus uses a novel fibre-optic(More)
We describe a scalable, highly parallel sequencing system with raw throughput significantly greater than that of state-of-the-art capillary electrophoresis instruments. The apparatus uses a novel 60×60 mm 2 fibreoptic slide containing 1,600,000 individual wells and is able to sequence 25 million bases, at 99% or better accuracy (phred 20), in a 4 hour run.(More)
Affinity reagents, such as antibodies, are needed to study protein expression patterns, sub-cellular localization, and post-translational modifications in complex mixtures and tissues. Phage Emulsion, Secretion, and Capture (ESCape) is a novel micro-emulsion technology that utilizes water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions for the identification and isolation of cells(More)
Computer programs that can be used for the design of synthetic genes and that are run on an Apple Macintosh computer are described. These programs determine nucleic acid sequences encoding amino acid sequences. They select DNA sequences based on codon usage as specified by the user, and determine the placement of base changes that can be used to create(More)
Targeted sequencing of specific loci of the human genome is a promising approach for maximizing the efficiency of second-generation sequencing technologies for population-based studies of genetic variation. Here we describe microdroplet PCR, which performs 1.5 million separate amplifications in parallel, as an approach for enriching targeted sequences in(More)
The synthesis of the bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (RNase A, EC 3.1.27.5) chromogenic substrate uridine-3'-(5-bromo-4-chloroindol-3-yl)-phosphate (U-3'-BCIP) is described. RNase A catalyzes the hydrolysis of U-3'-BCIP to release a halogenated indol-3-ol that undergoes rapid aerobic oxidation to the dark blue 5,5'-dibromo-4,4'-dichloroindigo. Preliminary(More)
One of the most important classes of proteins in terms of drug targets is cell surface membrane proteins, and yet it is a challenging set of proteins for generating high-quality affinity reagents. In this review, we focus on the use of phage libraries, which display antibody fragments, for generating recombinant antibodies to membrane proteins. Such(More)
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