M. P. Kirpichnikov

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Discovery of proteins expressed in the central nervous system sharing the three-finger structure with snake α-neurotoxins provoked much interest to their role in brain functions. Prototoxin LYNX1, having homology both to Ly6 proteins and three-finger neurotoxins, is the first identified member of this family membrane-tethered by a GPI anchor, which(More)
Single positioned nucleosomes have been extensively employed as simple model experimental systems for analysis of various intranuclear processes. Here we describe an experimental system containing positioned mononucleosomes allowing transcription by various RNA polymerases. Each DNA template contains a pair of fluorescent labels (Cy3 and Cy5) allowing(More)
A cytochrome c mutant lacking apoptogenic function but competent in electron transfer and antioxidant activities has been constructed. To this end, mutant species of horse and yeast cytochromes c with substitutions in the N-terminal alpha-helix or position 72 were obtained. It was found that yeast cytochrome c was much less effective than the horse protein(More)
A non-traumatic electroporation procedure was developed to load exogenous cytochrome c into the cytoplasm and to study the apoptotic effect of cytochrome c, its K72-substitued mutants and “yeast → horse” hybrid cytochrome c in living WEHI-3 cells. The minimum apoptosis-activating intracellular concentration of horse heart cytochrome c was estimated to be(More)
Cytochrome c is one of the key proteins involved in the programmed cell death, and lysine 72 is known to be required for its apoptogenic activity. We have engineered a number of horse and murine cytochrome c single-point mutants with various substitutions at position 72 and compared quantitatively their proapoptotic activity in living cells. Apoptosis was(More)
Spider dragline silk possesses impressive mechanical and biochemical properties. It is synthesized by a couple of major ampullate glands in spiders and comprises of two major structural proteins—spidroins 1 and 2. The relationship between structure and mechanical properties of spider silk is not well understood. Here, we modeled the complete process of the(More)
TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor (TNF) related apoptosis-inducing ligand) has been introduced as an extrinsic pathway inducer of apoptosis that does not have the toxicities of Fas and TNF. However, the therapeutic potential of TRAIL is limited because of many primary tumor cells are resistant to TRAIL. Despite intensive investigations, little is known in(More)
The predicted Exigobacterium sibiricum bacterirhodopsin gene was amplified from an ancient Siberian permafrost sample. The protein bacteriorhodopsin from Exiguobacterium sibiricum (ESR) encoded by this gene was expressed in Escherichia coli membrane. ESR bound all-trans-retinal and displayed an absorbance maximum at 534nm without dark adaptation. The ESR(More)
The quaternary structure of mistletoe lectin I (MLI), a type II ribosome inactivating protein, has been determined by X-ray crystallography. A definitive molecular replacement solution was determined for MLI using the co-ordinates of the homologue ricin as a search model. MLI exists as an [AB]2 dimer with internal crystallographic two-fold symmetry. Domain(More)
Enteropeptidase (synonym:enterokinase, EC 3.4.21.9) is a heterodimeric serine protease of the intestinal brush border that activates trypsinogen by highly specific cleavage of the trypsinogen activation peptide following the sequence (Asp)(4)-Lys. The DNA sequence encoding the light chain (catalytic subunit) of human enteropeptidase (GenBank Accession No.(More)