M-P Hellio le Graverand

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OBJECTIVE The Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) is aimed at validating (imaging) biomarkers for monitoring progression of knee OA. Here we analyze regional femorotibial (FT) cartilage thickness changes over 1 year using 3 Tesla MRI. Specifically, we tested whether changes in central subregions exceed those in the total cartilage plates. METHODS The right(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and patients with meniscal and ligament injuries of the knee are at high risk to develop the disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes occurring in both medial and lateral menisci from the knees of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) transected rabbits during the early stages(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and patients with meniscal and ligament injuries of the knee are at high risk to develop the disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes occurring in both medial and lateral menisci from the knees of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) transected rabbits at 3 and 8 weeks(More)
OBJECTIVE Minimum radiographic joint space width (mJSW) represents the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standard for demonstrating structural therapeutic benefits for knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but only shows moderate responsiveness (sensitivity to change). We directly compare the responsiveness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based cartilage(More)
OBJECTIVES Independent reports on the longitudinal performance of non-fluoroscopic fixed-flexion knee radiography have not been published. Therefore, we evaluated the sensitivity of fixed-flexion radiography to detect knee joint space narrowing (JSN) over 2 years in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and compared the effect of reproducibility and quality of(More)
Four major morphologically distinct classes of cells were identified within the adult rabbit meniscus using antibodies to cytoskeletal proteins. Two classes of cell were present in the fibrocartilage region of the meniscus. These meniscal cells exhibited long cellular processes that extended from the cell body. A third cell type found in the inner(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy of glucosamine sulfate (GS) in the symptomatic treatment of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) is suggested to be mediated by still unknown effects on the altered OA cartilage. DESIGN Using human OA chondrocytes in culture, the effects of GS on protein synthesis, caseinase, collagenase, phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and protein kinase C(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether urine concentrations of type II collagen neoepitope (uTIINE) distinguish subjects with progressive radiographic and/or symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) from those with stable disease. METHODS Subjects were 120 obese middle-aged women with unilateral knee OA who participated in a 30-month randomized-controlled trial of(More)
OBJECTIVE Progression of joint damage in osteoarthritis (OA) is likely to result from an imbalance between cartilage degradation and synthesis processes. Markers reflecting these two components appear to be promising in predicting the rate of OA progression. Both N- and C-terminal propeptides of type II collagen reflect the rates of collagen type II(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite a growing body of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) literature in osteoarthritis (OA), there is little uniformity in its diagnostic application. We envisage in the first instance the definition requiring further validation and testing in the research setting before considering implementation/feasibility testing in the clinical setting. The(More)