M-P Gratacap

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Flavonoids provide a large number of interesting natural compounds that are consumed daily and exhibit more or less potent and selective effects on some signaling enzymes as well as on the growth and proliferation of certain malignant cells in vitro. Among the identified signal transducers, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and protein kinase C (PKC)(More)
Over the last few years, many reports have extended our knowledge of the inositol lipid metabolism and brought out some exciting information about the location, the variety and the role of phosphoinositides (PIs). Besides the so-called "canonical PI pathway" leading to the production of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2), the precursor of(More)
Entry of the bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes into non-phagocytic mammalian cells is mainly mediated by the InlB protein. Here we show that in the human epithelial cell line HEp-2, the invasion protein InlB activates sequentially a p85beta-p110 class I(A) PI 3-kinase and the phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) without detectable tyrosine(More)
The collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI) induces platelet activation through a similar pathway to that used by immune receptors. In the present study we have investigated the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) in GPVI signalling. Our results show that collagen-related peptide {CRP: [GCP*(GPP*)(10)GCP*G](n); P*=hydroxyproline}, which is(More)
Platelets express a single class of Fcgamma receptor (FcgammaRIIA), which is involved in heparin-associated thrombocytopenia and possibly in inflammation. FcgammaRIIA cross-linking induces platelet secretion and aggregation, together with a number of cellular events such as tyrosine phosphorylation, activation of phospholipase C-gamma2 (PLC-gamma2), and(More)
The dynamics of the actin cytoskeleton, largely controlled by the Rho family of small GTPases (Rho, Rac and Cdc42), is critical for the regulation of platelet responses such as shape change, adhesion, spreading and aggregation. Here, we investigated the role of adenosine diphosphate (ADP), a major co-activator of platelets, on the activation of Rac. ADP(More)
Platelets were used to study the activation of Rho and Rac through G-protein-coupled receptors and its regulation by cyclic nucleotides. The thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) mimetic rapidly activated both small GTPases independently of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) activation., which leads to the activation of G(12)/G(13) and G(q) did not induce Rac activation in G(More)
Targeted therapy is certainly considered the future of cancer treatment. Several new molecules targeting critical intracellular signaling actors, particularly kinases, are arriving in clinics and many other are under development. However, proteins targeted by these drugs are common to many cell types and are particularly implicated in the highly dynamic(More)
Collagen activates platelets through a tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway, involving phospholipase Cgamma2. Functional responses such as aggregation and secretion induced by collagen are potentiated by preincubation with thrombopoietin (TPO). In this study, we show that collagen and thrombopoietin activate the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase)(More)
BACKGROUND Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a rare but severe complication of heparin therapy in which immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against the platelet factor 4-heparin complex activate platelets through the FcγRIIA receptor. Clustering of FcγRIIA initiates signaling cascades involving tyrosine kinases including the spleen tyrosine kinase(More)