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The aim of this work was to elucidate the underlying drug release mechanisms from lipidic matrix pellets, using theophylline and Gelucire 50/02 as model drug and carrier material, respectively. Pellets were prepared by two different techniques: melt-solidification and extrusion-spheronization. The effects of different formulations and processing parameters(More)
Due to their small size, the respirable drug particles tend to form agglomerates which prevent flowing and aerosolisation. A carrier is used to be mixed with drug in one hand to facilitate the powder flow during manufacturing, in other hand to help the fluidisation upon patient inhalation. Depending on drug concentration, drug agglomerates can be formed in(More)
Interactions between particles are dependent on the physicochemical characteristics of the interacting particles but it is also important to consider the manufacturing process. Blending active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) with carrier is a critical stage that determines the blend homogeneity and is the first step towards obtaining the final quality of(More)
The aim of this work is to study carriers which can become alternatives to monohydrate lactose in dry powder inhalers and to consider particle parameters that influence adhesion between drug and carrier in dry powder inhalers. Different forms of mannitol, lactose and maltitol were mixed with either terbutaline sulphate or formoterol fumarate. The blends(More)
The inhalation route is widely studied for many drug applications focusing on either local or systemic distributions. One matter of concern is the solubilization of hydrophobic drugs. We have studied the feasibility of using different cyclodextrins (CDs) to elaborate pharmaceutical formulations for the inhalation route and tested the short-term toxicity of(More)
Antisticking power varies according to the talc considered. Besides its chemical properties, it is necessary to assess its physical properties related to functionality. It is difficult to define the physical properties of talc implicated in its antisticking power. In this work, different talcs were characterised and their performance in reducing sticking in(More)
The aim of this study was to better understand the effects of the curing conditions on the resulting drug release patterns from pellets coated with aqueous polymer dispersions. Diltiazem HCl was used as model drug, ethylcellulose as polymer, triethyl citrate (TEC), dibutyl sebacate (DBS), and distilled acetylated monoglycerides (Myvacet) as plasticizers.(More)
The aim of this work was to better understand the importance of the type of experimental setup used to monitor antibiotic release from functionalized hydroxyapatite implants. Microporous hydroxyapatite discs were prepared by sintering and subsequently functionalized with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) polymer crosslinked with butanetetracarboxylic(More)
Dry powder formulations are often composed of fine drug particles and coarser carrier particles, typically alpha-lactose monohydrate. However, the performance of a powder formulation may be highly dependent on the lactose quality and source. This study investigated the characteristics of lactose that influence the drug-to-carrier interaction and the(More)
As foam appears during solution constitution and nebulisation of alpha 1 protease inhibitor (alpha 1 PI), we selected in a previous work, antifoams likely to be associated with an alpha 1 PI solution to be nebulised: span 65 at a 0.025% concentration and cetyl alcohol at a 0.05% concentration associated with tyloxapol at 0.025% concentration. The purpose of(More)