M. P. Colombo

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The ability of vaccination with plasmids coding for the extracellular and the transmembrane domain of the product of transforming rat Her-2/neu oncogene (r-p185) to protect against r-p185(+) transplantable carcinoma (TUBO) cells and mammary carcinogenesis was evaluated. In normal BALB/c mice, DNA vaccination elicits anti-r-p185 Ab, but only a marginal CTL(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are the most abundant circulating blood leukocytes. They provide the first-line defense against infection and are potent effectors of inflammation. In addition, their release of soluble chemotactic factors guides the recruitment of both nonspecific and specific immune effector cells.1 Finally, since they both respond to(More)
Homeobox (HOX) genes control axial specification during mammalian development and also regulate skin morphogenesis. Although selected HOX genes are variably expressed in leukemias and kidney and colon cancer cell lines, their relationship with the neoplastic phenotype remains unclear. In both normal development and neoplastic transformation, HOX target(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has been and is still widely used as an adjuvant in clinical trials of vaccination with autologous tumor cells, peptides and/or dendritic cells in a variety of human neoplasms. This cytokine was administered either as product of gene-transduced tumor cells or as recombinant protein together with the(More)
In vivo IL-12-dependent tumor inhibition rests on the ability of IL-12 to activate a CD8-mediated cytotoxicity, inhibit angiogenesis, and cause vascular injury. Although in vivo studies have shown that such inhibition stems from complex interactions of immune cells and the production of IFN-gamma and other downstream angiostatic chemokines, the mechanisms(More)
INTRODUCTION The gold standard for restoring bone defects is still considered to be autologous bone grafting. However, clinical benefits are not guaranteed and donor-site complications and morbidity is not infrequent. Research is on-going for the development of alternative bone substitutes of both biological and synthetic origin. The purpose of this study(More)
Two anti-nerve growth factor receptor (LNGFR or p75NGFR) antibodies, Me20.4 and Me8211, label stromal cells with dendritic features in fresh smears and in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human bone marrow (BM). The LNGFR+ cells have an oval nucleus, a scanty cytoplasm with long dendrites that intermingle with the hematopoietic cells, line the abluminal(More)
We have investigated the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) delivery at the site of tumor growth by transducing, via retroviral vector, the human (hu) G-CSF gene into the colon adenocarcinoma C-26 and assaying the ability of transduced cells to form tumors when injected into syngeneic mice. As a control, the same tumor cells were(More)
A human melanoma line genetically modified to release interleukin 4 (IL-4) was utilized to immunize advanced melanoma patients in order to elicit or increase a specific anti-melanoma immune response, which may affect distant lesions. Twelve metastatic melanoma patients were injected subcutaneously at least three times with 5 x 10(7) IL-4 gene-transduced and(More)