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To the Editor: Recently, we proposed the pedigree disequilibrium test (PDT) as a test for allelic association and linkage (linkage disequilibrium) in general pedigrees (Martin et al. 2000). We have discovered that, in certain cases in extended pedigrees, the PDT can be biased under the null hypothesis. In this letter we describe the nature of the bias and(More)
CONTEXT Four genetic loci have been identified as contributing to Alzheimer disease (AD), including the amyloid precursor protein gene, the presenilin 1 gene, the presenilin 2 gene, and the apolipoprotein E gene, but do not account for all the genetic risk for AD. OBJECTIVE To identify additional genetic risk factors for late-onset AD. DESIGN A complete(More)
Autistic disorder (AutD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significant impairment in social, communicative, and behavioral functioning. A genetic basis for AutD is well established with as many as 10 genes postulated to contribute to its underlying etiology. We have completed a genomic screen and follow-up analysis to identify potential AutD(More)
Etiologic heterogeneity is a fundamental feature of complex disease etiology; genetic linkage analysis methods to map genes for complex traits that acknowledge the presence of genetic heterogeneity are likely to have greater power to identify subtle changes in complex biologic systems. We investigate the use of trait-related covariates to examine evidence(More)
Many family-based tests of linkage disequilibrium (LD) are based on counts of alleles rather than genotypes. However, allele-based tests may not detect interactions among alleles at a single locus that are apparent when examining associations with genotypes. Family-based tests of LD based on genotypes have been developed, but they are typically valid as(More)
We have ascertained and examined a patient with autistic disorder (AD) and monosomy X (Turner syndrome). The patient met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)/International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) criteria for AD verified by the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. The patient exhibited both social and verbal deficits(More)
In studies of complex diseases, a common paradigm is to conduct association analysis at markers in regions identified by linkage analysis, to attempt to narrow the region of interest. Family-based tests for association based on parental transmissions to affected offspring are often used in fine-mapping studies. However, for diseases with late onset,(More)
Autistic disorder (AD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects approximately 2-10/10,000 individuals. Chromosome 15q11-q13 has been implicated in the genetic etiology of AD based on (1) cytogenetic abnormalities; (2) increased recombination frequency in this region in AD versus non-AD families; (3) suggested linkage with markers D15S156, D15S219, and(More)
We have identified three unrelated probands with autistic disorder (AD) and isodicentric chromosomes that encompass the proximal region of 15q11.2. All three probands met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition [DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994], and International Classification of Diseases ( ICD-10)(More)
Autistic disorder (AD) is a developmental disorder affecting social interactions, communication, and behavior. AD is a disease of complex genetic architecture. It is postulated that several genes contribute to the underlying etiology of AD. Chromosome 15 is of particular interest due to numerous reports of AD in the presence of chromosomal abnormalities,(More)