M. P. Barrouillet

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Cadmium (Cd), an important pollutant, causes severe damage at the renal tubular level. Numerous previous studies have focused upon Cd tubular nephrotoxicity. The present study of Cd-induced glomerular damage examined the vasoactive effect of Cd in freshly isolated glomeruli and mesangial cells. Glomeruli were isolated by passing rat renal cortex pulp(More)
Very few data are available concerning the in vitro toxicity of uranium. In this work, we have determined the experimental chemical conditions permitting the observation of uranium(VI) cytotoxicity on LLC-PK1 cells. Uranium solutions made either by dissolving uranyl acetate or nitrate crystals, or by complexing uranium with bicarbonate, phosphate or citrate(More)
Metals are major pollutants not only in occupational settings but also in the general environment. Chronic exposure of workers has been related to severe damage, especially at the renal level. While toxic compounds such as metals are well known to severely impair tubular functions, it is clear that nephrotoxicants can act on various other renal targets,(More)
The present study is aimed at investigating direct vasocontractive effects of uranium on two glomerular in vitro models (isolated rat glomeruli and cultured mesangial cells). For this study, sublethal doses of the uranium(VI)-bicarbonate complex were determined by cytotoxicity experiments on confluent cultured mesangial cells. Afterwards, using a(More)
The main objective of the present work was to assess the potentiality of in vitro models to improve our understanding of cadmium-induced toxicity, especially on epithelial renal cells. Indeed cadmium, a potent toxic metal, poses a serious environmental threat and the mechanisms of its renal toxicity need to be clarified. Cytotoxicity studies presented here(More)
The development of a capture step of a human recombinant F(ab')(2) produced and expressed in baculovirus-infected cells was investigated by screening three mixed-mode chromatography sorbents (HEA HyperCel, PPA HyperCel and MEP HyperCel) and two ion exchangers (Q Ceramic HyperD F, S Ceramic HyperD F) sorbents using a 96-well plate format and SELDI-MS. HEA(More)
The main objective of this work was to determine the ability of polyphenols (procyanidoloic oligomers; PCO) to diminish the contracture of CdCl2-induced mesangial cells (smooth muscle cell type). Glomeruli were isolated by passing rat renal cortex pulp through calibrated sieves followed by a culture step for outgrowth of cells. PCO lethality was measured by(More)
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