M Pérez-de la Mora

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The effects of the vigilance promoting drug modafil were studied ex vivo (100 mg/kg; i.p.) and in vitro (10-1000 microM modafinil) on the synthesis of [3H]gamma-aminobutyric acid ([3H]GABA) and [3H]glutamate from [3H]glutamine within the rat hypothalamus. No effects of modafinil were observed on the overall synthesis of these neurotransmitters nor, in vitro(More)
The acute or chronic administration of modafinil, (diphenyl-methyl-sulfinyl-2-acetamide, 30 mg/kg s.c.) decreased gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) outflow from the cerebral cortex of freely moving guinea pigs and rats. In 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine intracerebroventricularly pretreated guinea pigs, the effect of modafinil on GABA outflow was reversed and the(More)
Evidence from several laboratories indicates that the anxiogenic effects of cholecystokinin (CCK) are mediated by CCKB receptors. However, it has been reported that CCKA receptors have been found in brain and CCKA antagonists have anxiolytic properties. The aim of this work was to study whether CCKA receptors are also involved in the modulation of anxiety.(More)
[3H] gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) release was studied in rat brain slices in the absence or presence of cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8). [3H]GABA release under the conditions used was Ca(2+)-dependent and insensitive to the presence of the glial uptake blocker beta-alanine. While the basal release of [3H]GABA was not affected by CCK-8, the K(+)-stimulated(More)
It is well known that self-mutilating behavior (SMB) is developed in rats and humans during the daily treatment with d-amphetamine. Accordingly, in this work it was found that the daily treatment with 7.5 mg/kg d-amphetamine induced in rats a progressive appearance of SMB. Lower doses (5.0 mg/kg) were uneffective and higher doses (10 mg/kg) produced a(More)
The effects of nicotine on gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate mechanisms were studied in several rat brain regions both in vivo and in vitro. In vivo acute intermittent injections of nicotine decrease GABA utilization in the hypothalamus and glutamate levels within the nucleus caudatus and the subcortical limbic forebrain (mainly tuberculum(More)
GABA is synthesized within GABA terminals through a highly compartmentalized process in which glial-derived glutamine is a major precursor and its release is modulated by GABA(B) autoreceptors. The aim of this work was to ascertain whether or not GABA synthesis and release are coupled in the rat brain through a GABA(B) autoreceptor-mediated modulation. It(More)
Recent evidence has shown in membrane preparations that the binding of one ligand to its receptor is able to modify the binding parameters of a second receptor (receptor-receptor interactions), allowing the modulation of incoming signals onto a neuron. To further understand the gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA)-dopamine (DA) interactions in the neostriatum we(More)
The neurochemical dysfunction present in patients showing self-mutilating behavior (SMB) is not well understood. In animal models, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation enhances the SMB induced by the chronic administration of d-amphetamine. To understand the mechanism underlying these effects the levels of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA) and(More)