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Nerve injury may result in neuropathic pain, characterized by allodynia and hyperalgesia. Accumulating evidence suggests the existence of a molecular substrate for neuropathic pain produced by neurons, glia, and immune cells. Here, we show that leptin, an adipokine exclusively produced by adipocytes, is critical for the development of tactile allodynia(More)
To clarify the role of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in neuropathic pain, we examined the effect of pioglitazone, a PPARgamma agonist, on tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in a neuropathic pain model. Mice were subjected to partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSL) and given pioglitazone (1 - 25 mg/kg, p.o.) once daily.(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is a component of the mesolimbic system involved in drug dependence. Activity of nucleus accumbens neurons is modulated by glutamatergic afferents from the prefrontal cortex and by dopaminergic afferents from the ventral tegmental area (VTA). In the present study, we reconstructed the mesolimbic system using organotypic slice(More)
Energetic young pulsars and expanding blast waves [supernova remnants (SNRs)] are the most visible remains after massive stars, ending their lives, explode in core-collapse supernovae. The Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope has unveiled a radio quiet pulsar located near the center of the compact synchrotron nebula inside the supernova remnant CTA 1. The(More)
  • Tadayuki Takahashi, Richard Kelley, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Hideyo Kunieda, Robert Petre, Nicholas White +25 others
  • 2008
The NeXT (New exploration X-ray Telescope), the new Japanese X-ray Astronomy Satellite following Suzaku, is an international X-ray mission which is currently planed for launch in 2013. NeXT is a combination of wide band X-ray spectroscopy (3–80 keV) provided by multi-layer coating, focusing hard X-ray mirrors and hard X-ray imaging detectors, and high(More)
Nicotine is neuronal stimulating drug in the central nervous system and elicits various effects through nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. As previously reported, nicotine has an antinociceptive effect through activation of endogenous opioid neurons. However, detailed mechanisms of nicotine-induced antinociception are uncertain. In this study, we focused on(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor that regulates lipid metabolism and inflammation. Behavioral sensitization is an experimental model of psychostimulant psychosis; it is elicited by repeated administration of psychostimulants and has recently been implicated in brain inflammation. We examined the(More)
Although the serine/threonine protein kinases involved in the pharmacological action of morphine are well recognized, the critical contribution of serine/threonine protein phosphatase (PP) has been appreciated on to a slight degree. We examined the involvement of subtypes of serine/threonine protein phosphatase (PP) in the antinociceptive effect of morphine(More)
Emerging evidence indicates that chronic neuroinflammation plays a pivotal role in neuropathic pain. We explored whether activation of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs) pathway on peripheral immune cells improves neuropathic pain. Mice were subjected to partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSL). Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-chimeric mice(More)
We evaluated the interaction between electroacupuncture (EA)-induced antinociception and an endogenous anti-analgesic system. EA was applied to the ST-36 acupoint for 45 min in male Sprague-Dawley rats, and pain thresholds were assessed by the hind-paw pressure test. EA produced a marked increase in pain thresholds and its antinociceptive action was(More)