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Covalent modification of histone tails is crucial for transcriptional regulation, mitotic chromosomal condensation, and heterochromatin formation. Histone H3 lysine 9 (H3-K9) methylation catalyzed by the Suv39h family proteins is essential for establishing the architecture of pericentric heterochromatin. We recently identified a mammalian histone(More)
The growth of many types of cancer cells can be controlled by surrounding normal cells. However, mechanisms underlying this phenomenon have not been defined. We used a layered culture system to investigate how nontransformed cells suppress the growth of neighboring transformed cells. Direct physical contact between transformed and nontransformed cells was(More)
The Down syndrome (DS) region on chromosome 21, which is responsible for the DS main features, has been defined by analysis of DS patients with partial trisomy 21. Within the DS region, we constructed a 1.6-Mb P1 contig map previously. To isolate gene fragments from the 1.6-Mb region, we performed direct cDNA library screening and exon trapping using the P1(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with chronic liver disease evolves from precancerous lesions and early HCC to a progressed form. Nodule-in-nodule-type HCC (progressed HCC within early HCC) represents the transition from early to progressed HCC and, therefore, is useful in molecular genetic analysis of HCC progression during multistage(More)
Protocadherins are a major subfamily of the cadherin superfamily, but little is known about their functions and intracellular signal transduction. We identified a homozygous loss of protocadherin 20 (PCDH20, 13q21.2) in the course of a program to screen a panel of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines (1 of 20 lines) for genomic copy number(More)
The AML1-MTG8 fusion transcription factor generated by t(8;21) translocation is thought to dysregulate genes that are crucial for normal differentiation and proliferation of hematopoietic progenitors to cause acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Although AML1-MTG8 has been shown to repress the transcription of AML1 targets, none of the known targets of AML1(More)
Identification of etiology of human cancers is important for effective cancer prevention, and attempts to estimate the roles of a variety of environmental carcinogens in human cancers are being made. Here, we applied cDNA microarray technology to estimate whether gene expression profiles of cancers would reflect their etiology. Using rat mammary carcinoma(More)
To identify genes whose expression patterns are altered by methylation of DNA, we established a method for scanning human genomes for methylated DNA sequences, namely bacterial artificial chromosome array-based meth-ylated CpG island amplification (BAMCA). In the course of a program using BAMCA to screen neuroblastoma cell lines for aberrant DNA methylation(More)
Rat stomach carcinomas induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) are widely used as a model for differentiated-type human stomach carcinomas. Here, we analyzed expression profiles in five MNNG-induced rat stomach carcinomas by the high-density oligonucleotide microarray containing approximately 8000 probe sets. 244 and 208 genes were up- and(More)
An effective technique using an Escherichia coli plasmid system was developed to clone fragments of exogenous DNA of as large as 100 kilobase pairs. The characteristic features of this technique are the use of a low copy number (one to two) mini-F based plasmid vector and the introduction of artificial lambda cosR ends into the termini of DNA sources and(More)