M O Westendorp

Learn More
The depletion of CD4+ T cells in AIDS is correlated with high turnover of the human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 and associated with apoptosis. The molecular mechanism of apoptosis in HIV infection, however, is largely unknown. T-cell apoptosis might be affected by viral proteins such as HIV-1 Tat and gp120 (refs 10, 11). T-cell-receptor (TCR)-induced(More)
The Fas/APO-1 receptor is one of the major regulators of apoptosis. We report here that Fas/APO-1-mediated apoptosis requires the activation of a new class of cysteine proteases, including interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE), which are homologous to the product of the Caenorhabditis elegans cell-death gene ced-3 (refs 11, 12). Triggering of Fas/APO-1(More)
Tat (trans-activator) proteins are early RNA binding proteins regulating lentiviral transcription. These proteins are necessary components in the life cycle of all known lentiviruses, such as the human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) or the equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV). Tat proteins are thus ideal targets for drugs intervening with lentiviral(More)
This study demonstrates that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Tat protein amplifies the activity of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a cytokine that stimulates HIV-1 replication through activation of NF-kappa B. In HeLa cells stably transfected with the HIV-1 tat gene (HeLa-tat cells), expression of the Tat protein enhanced both TNF-induced(More)
APO-1/Fas(CD95), a member of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF)/nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor superfamily transduces apoptotic signals into apoptosis sensitive cells. In metabolic labelling experiments using the highly APO-1 positive cell lines HUT78 (adultT cell leukemia) and SKW6.4 (Blymphoblastoid cell line) APO-1 was characterised as a long living(More)
Dysregulation of cytokines secreted by T cells may play an important role in the pathogenesis of AIDS. To investigate the effects of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Tat on interleukin-2 (IL-2) expression, we used IL-2 promoter-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase constructs and IL-2-secreting Jurkat T cells as a model system. Transient expression(More)
CD4+ T-cell depletion in AIDS patients involves induction of apoptosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and noninfected T cells. The HIV type 1 (HIV-1)-transactivating protein Tat enhances apoptosis and activation-induced cell death (AICD) of human T cells. This effect is mediated by the CD95 (APO-1/Fas) receptor-CD95 ligand (CD95L) system and(More)
The cell surface molecule APO-1/Fas(CD95), a member of the Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) receptor/Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) receptor superfamily mediates apoptosis upon cross-linking by agonistic antibodies or its ligand. Recent findings suggest that APO-1/Fas(CD95) and its ligand are the key molecules for antigen receptor-induced apoptosis in activated(More)
Removal of the putative amino-terminal membrane spanning region of penicillin-binding protein 2' (PBP-2') of Staphylococcus epidermidis WT55 was carried out by truncating the amino terminus-coding end of the mecA gene. PCR and site directed mutagenesis were used to introduce unique restriction sites at position 68 (HindIII) and at position 80 (NcoI) of the(More)
  • 1