Canavan disease is a severe, progressive leukodystrophy with an autosomal recessive inheritance, caused by aspartoacylase (ASPA) deficiency. The characteristic MRI features include diffuse, symmetrical white matter degeneration in the subcortical areas, with bilateral involvement of the globus pallidus. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the brain… (More)
We present a 2-year-old boy and a 6-year-old girl with mild Canavan disease (CD). Aspartoacylase activity in skin fibroblasts was deficient. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain did not show the prominent leucodystrophy previously reported in CD, but there was a hyperintense signal from the lentiform nuclei and the heads of the caudate nuclei on… (More)
A further case of pyruvate carboxylase deficiency, French type, with a particular clinical presentation and evolution is described. The initial neonatal symptoms started with respiratory distress, severe metabolic acidosis and a tendency to hypoglycemia. However, the clinical course was not rapidly deteriorating. At the age of 6 months he presented acute… (More)
To illustrate the clinical and biochemical heterogeneity of peroxisomal disorders, we report our experience with 27 patients seen personally between 1982 and 1997. Twenty patients presented with a phenotype corresponding either to Zellweger syndrome, neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, or infantile Refsum disease, 3 of whom had a peroxisomal disorder due to a… (More)
Mevalonic aciduria, due to mevalonate kinase deficiency, is the first recognized defect in the biosynthesis of cholesterol and isoprenoids. Very few patients with this disorder have been reported. Three siblings born from consanguineous parents are reported. Several clinical signs were present in all 3 children, including failure-to-thrive, susceptibility… (More)
Two cases of spinal cord injury involving the lower cervical region are reported. In both, the delivery of a breech presentation was difficult. Severe hypotonia, areflexia and autonomic nervous system disturbances suggested a spinal cord injury. The evidence, type, and location of the cord lesion were given by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).
Erythrocyte ghost (Na+ + K+) ATPase activity was studied in mice with hereditary muscular dystrophy (strain C 57 BL 6J/dy) and appropriate controls. No difference was observed in the enzymatic activity between dystrophic and any of the healthy genotypes. Ouabain 5 mM and 0.1 mM inhibited the enzymatic activity and no difference was observed between… (More)