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The bis-indole indirubin is an active ingredient of Danggui Longhui Wan, a traditional Chinese medicine recipe used in the treatment of chronic diseases such as leukemias. The antitumoral properties of indirubin appear to correlate with their antimitotic effects. Indirubins were recently described as potent (IC(50): 50-100 nm) inhibitors of cyclin-dependent(More)
Steroidogenesis begins with the metabolism of cholesterol to pregnenolone by the inner mitochondrial membrane cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage (P450scc) enzyme. The rate of steroid formation, however, depends on the rate of cholesterol transport from intracellular stores to the inner mitochondrial membrane and loading of P450scc with cholesterol. In(More)
BACKGROUND Over 2000 protein kinases regulate cellular functions. Screening for inhibitors of some of these kinases has already yielded some potent and selective compounds with promising potential for the treatment of human diseases. RESULTS The marine sponge constituent hymenialdisine is a potent inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, glycogen synthase(More)
The peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) was identified and characterized by its high affinity for two distinct classes of compounds, the benzodiazepines (BZs) and the isoquinolines (IQs). An M(r) 18,000 IQ-binding protein has been identified as the PBR. In this report we isolated and sequenced a 626-base pair cDNA, specifying an open reading frame(More)
To evaluate the role of the mitochondrial peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) in steroidogenesis, we developed a molecular approach based on the disruption of the PBR gene, by homologous recombination, in the constitutive steroid producing R2C rat Leydig tumor cell line. Inactivation of one allele of the PBR gene resulted in the suppression of PBR(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that the polypeptide diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) and its receptor, the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR), are involved in the regulation of steroid biosynthesis and that one site of PBR action resides in mitochondria. In the present investigation, evidence is presented that a functional form of PBR is also(More)
The polypeptide diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) and drug ligands for the mitochondrial peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) have been shown to regulate cholesterol transport, the rate-determining step in steroidogenesis, in hormone-responsive steroidogenic cells including the MA-10 Leydig tumor cells. The present study was designed to characterize(More)
Gonadal steroidogenesis is regulated by pituitary gonadotropins and a locally produced, unidentified factor. A 70-kilodalton (kD) protein complex secreted from rat Sertoli cells was isolated. The complex, composed of 28- and 38-kD proteins, stimulated steroidogenesis by Leydig cells and ovarian granulosa cells in a dose-dependent and adenosine(More)
We previously demonstrated that the mitochondrial peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is coupled to hormone-activated steroidogenesis by regulating the intramitochondrial cholesterol transport, the rate-determining step of steroid biosynthesis. In the present study we examined whether PBR is the site of hormone action using the hCG-responsive(More)