M. O. Deville

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The aim of this study was to improve our knowledge about the taxonomy and phylogeny of the family Saprolegniaceae, a group of water molds including several pathogens of plants, fish and crustacea. ITS and LSU rDNA were sequenced for representatives of forty species corresponding to ten genera (Achlya, Aphanomyces, Brevilegnia, Dictyuchus, Leptolegenia,(More)
AIMS The present study describes a system based on PCR and restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) to distinguish the seven currently recognized Malassezia species. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-five representative yeast isolates were examined. A single primer pair was designed to amplify the large subunit ribosomal RNA (LSU rRNA) gene of the seven Malassezia(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus remains a major respiratory pathogen in birds. In poultry, infection by A. fumigatus may induce significant economic losses particularly in turkey production. A. fumigatus develops and sporulates easily in poor quality bedding or contaminated feedstuffs in indoor farm environments. Inadequate ventilation and dusty conditions increase(More)
Skin carriage and quantification of Malassezia yeasts were evaluated in 180 healthy dogs (group 1) and 117 dogs with clinical signs (pruritus, erythema, lichenification/seborrhoea, excoriations and alopecia) that could be related to Malassezia dermatitis (group 2) in Brazil. The lesions in the group 2 dogs were evaluated using CADESI-03 scores. Samples were(More)
The aim of this work is to set up a programming model suitable for numerical computing while taking benefit of Fortran 90’s features. The use of concepts from object-oriented programming avoids the weaknesses of the traditional global data programming model of Fortran 77. This work supports the view that object-oriented concepts are not in contradiction(More)
The performance of the dermatophyte test medium (DTM) RapidVet-D was assessed using hair samples collected from experimentally infected guinea pigs. Three dermatophyte species were included in the study: Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton equinum. DTM substrates were inoculated with infected hairs and scales, incubated at 18,(More)
Fungal elements represent a significant part of the biological contaminants that could be detected in the air of animal facilities. The aim of this study was to assess the relative efficiencies of two air sampling methods and three culture conditions for the quantification of airborne culturable fungi in a poultry farmhouse in France. Air samples were(More)
Multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) is a prominent subtyping method to resolve closely related microbial isolates to provide information for establishing genetic patterns among isolates and to investigate disease outbreaks. The usefulness of MLVA was recently demonstrated for the avian major pathogen Chlamydophila psittaci.(More)
Cytological examination using the tape-strip technique and fungal culture using contact plates with modified Dixon's medium were compared to evaluate the carriage of Malassezia yeasts on four cutaneous sites (left pinna, umbilical region, axilla and perianal area) in adult Basset Hounds. Twenty animals were included in the study. High numbers of Malassezia(More)
Pneumocystis fungi represent a highly diversified biological group with numerous species, which display a strong host-specificity suggesting a long co-speciation process. In the present study, the presence and genetic diversity of Pneumocystis organisms was investigated in 203 lung samples from woodmice (Apodemus sylvaticus) collected on western continental(More)