M O Christen

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cDNA fragments encoding a representative region of the L-type calcium channel alpha-1 subunit of rabbit intestine smooth muscle were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The nucleotide sequences of these intestine clones shared a high similarity with aorta, lung and heart calcium channels. However, in the extracellular loop between the third and(More)
Lens epithelium disorganization, glutathione (GSH) depletion, and epithelial cell death have been incriminated in the cytopathogenic mechanisms that lead to cataract formation following UVB and x-ray exposures. The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro capacity of the aminothiol WR-1065, the active metabolite of amifostine, and(More)
The effect of pinaverium was electrophysiologically characterized and compared with the established L-type calcium channel blockers diltiazem, D600, and nitrendipine on canine colonic circular smooth muscle. Effects were studied on the electrical activity of the smooth muscle cells, in particular the spontaneously occurring slow wave. In addition, effects(More)
The diuretic drug xipamide improves myocardial relaxation in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, but its mechanism of action is unknown. Here, xipamide was tested in cultured rat heart myogenic H9c2 cells and newborn cardiomyocytes for its effects on cell acidification (and Ca2+ mobilization). In H9c2 cells, blocking Na+/H+ exchange(More)
Anethol dithiolthione (ADT), usually prescribed as a choleretic drug, when given orally 1 hour prior to acetaminophen (AAP) (450 mg/kg intraperitoneally) in Swiss female mice, exhibited an hepatoprotective potency at doses as low as 10 mg/kg relative to serum aminotransferase activities and hepatic glutathione related enzyme system (glutathione reductase,(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a significant role in the non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) regulation of intestinal tract motility. In this work, the contractile properties of enzymatically isolated circular smooth muscle cells (SMC) from human colon in response to CGRP were evaluated. Relaxation by CGRP (1 microM) was determined in cells(More)