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Osteoprotegerin, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, has pleiotropic effects on bone metabolism, endocrine function, and the immune system. Myocardial expression and circulating levels of osteoprotegerin are increased in heart failure. The relationship between osteoprotegerin levels in the general population and indices of left(More)
The absence of an inferior vena cava is a rare congenital condition often without clinical significance. Alternative venous approaches are often needed to treat these patients. We report a case of successful ablation of both isthmus dependent flutter and the AV junction using the superior vena cava in a patient with an inferior vena cava anomaly.
Circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been shown to be elevated in patients with vascular disease. The role of OPG as a biomarker for atherosclerosis in a large, unselected population is not well known. Plasma OPG levels were measured in 3,386 subjects in the Dallas Heart Study, a multiethnic, population-based probability sample of adults aged 30 to 65(More)
Recently, a number of infants have been born at home, in an ambulance, car, etc., before arrival at the District of Columbia General Hospital. Many of these infants had poor outcome. To evaluate the prevalence and outcome of these infants, we reviewed medical records of all infants born before arrival at the hospital (out-born infants) and compared them(More)
Persistent left superior vena cava is the most common venous anomaly of the thorax. If unrecognized, it could lead to catheter malplacement and even vascular injuries. We describe a novel use of a Worley sheath for the delivery of a right ventricular (RV) endocardial pacing lead in a 65-year-old male with a persistent left superior vena cava. After failed(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently shown that atrial fibrillation is associated with an increase in sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) compared with sinus rhythm. It remains unclear, however, whether these findings are true at various rates and whether the magnitude of sympathoexcitation is related to the degree of irregularity. OBJECTIVE To determine the role of(More)
Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) ablation, with pulmonary vein (PV) isolation and ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation, has proven highly successful for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation but has limited success in patients with persistent and long-standing persistent (P-LSP) AF. A set of linear left atrial (LA) lesions has been added to interrupt some(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis is currently the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. The prevalence in pregnant women ranges between 2% and 47%. It is well known that C trachomatis can be transmitted from the genital tract of an infected mother to her newborn infant, causing conjunctivitis or pneumonia or both, along with their longstanding(More)
The gustatory-vagal hypothesis proposes that gustatory stimulation elicits a coordinated vagal response manifested as an increase in ingestive behaviors (e.g., sucking) and a decrease in nucleus ambiguus vagal tone measured by decreases in the amplitude of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The current study tested the gustatory-vagal hypothesis in a(More)