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Endogenous DNA adducts may contribute to the etiology of human genetic disease and cancer. One potential source of endogenous DNA adducts is lipid peroxidation, which generates mutagenic carbonyl compounds such as malondialdehyde. A sensitive mass spectrometric method permitted detection and quantitation of the major malondialdehyde-DNA adduct, a(More)
Daily s.c. injection of (-)deprenyl (2.0 mg/kg/day) for three weeks in young male rats caused a threefold increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the striatum of the brain compared with the value in saline-injected control rats. Furthermore, the activity of catalase (but not of glutathione peroxidase) was also increased significantly by deprenyl(More)
Malondialdehyde (MDA), a product of lipid peroxidation, causes mutations in bacterial and mammalian cells and cancer in rats. MDA reacts with deoxynucleosides in vitro and the monomeric adduct of MDA with deoxyguanosine (M1G-dR) is the major adduct formed. We have developed a sensitive analytical method to characterize and quantify M1G-dR from biological(More)
A method is described for the assay of the major malondialdehyde-deoxyguanosine adduct (M1G) based on immunoaffinity purification and gas chromatography/electron capture/negative chemical ionization/mass spectrometry. A stable isotope of M1G-deoxyribose ([2H2]M1G-dR) was used as an internal standard. Recovery of internal standard throughout the entire assay(More)
We previously reported that the optimal dosage of (-)deprenyl to increase superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in striatum in rats differs 10 fold between young male and female rats (1). Furthermore, in female rats the optimal dosage increased with age (1). In the present study in order to clarify how the optimal dosage of this effect changes with age in(More)
The presence of flavin compound(s) giving a yellowish-green autofluorescence in rat hepatocyte plasma membrane has recently been reported (Nokubo, M. et al. (1988) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 939, 441-448). The fluorophore can quantitatively be extracted with water at 80 degrees C from isolated plasma membranes. Gel filtration of the extract eluted with water(More)
A "Protease inhibitor model of aging" has been proposed primarily based on observations on brain tissues exposed to a thiol protease inhibitor, leupeptin (Ivy et al., 1984a). In order to validate this model in terms of a mechanism of cellular aging, as well as of lipofuscin formation in particular, attempts have been made to induce lipofuscin in hepatocytes(More)
The dose of (-)deprenyl (2.0 mg/kg/day, sc, for 3 weeks) which significantly increased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase in the striatum of young male rats significantly reduced these activities in young female rats but did not change the SOD activity in old female rats. In order to clarify these effects, different doses of the drug were(More)
The autofluorescence of isolated rat liver cell plasma membranes was characterized in vitro in relation to the autofluorescence used previously for fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) studies. The fluorescence of membrane preparations displayed an emission pattern with a maximum at around 525 nm when excited with a 468 nm blue light. The(More)
Malondialdehyde (MDA), an endogenous product of lipid peroxidation and prostaglandin biosynthesis, is mutagenic in bacterial and mammalian cells and carcinogenic in rats. In order to determine whether MDA-modified bases are formed in nucleic acids in vivo, sensitive immunoassays to detect MDA-DNA and MDA-RNA adducts are being developed in our laboratory.(More)