M Nokubo

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Endogenous DNA adducts may contribute to the etiology of human genetic disease and cancer. One potential source of endogenous DNA adducts is lipid peroxidation, which generates mutagenic carbonyl compounds such as malondialdehyde. A sensitive mass spectrometric method permitted detection and quantitation of the major malondialdehyde-DNA adduct, a(More)
The dose of (-)deprenyl (2.0 mg/kg/day, sc, for 3 weeks) which significantly increased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase in the striatum of young male rats significantly reduced these activities in young female rats but did not change the SOD activity in old female rats. In order to clarify these effects, different doses of the drug were(More)
The effect of a protein-free diet (PFD) on hepatic activity of glutathione S-transferase (GST) and hepatic content of total glutathione (GSH) was examined in young (9-month-old), middle-aged (17-month-old) and old (27-month-old) C57BL/6CrS1c female mice. There were no significant differences in the control values of GSH or of enzyme activity for four of(More)
Responses of hepatic glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities to protein-free diet (PFD) and normal diet (ND) refeeding were compared for young (6-month-old) and old (22-month-old) C57/BL male mice. Enzyme activities toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) were not significantly different between young and old rat livers in the basal condition without(More)
Female Fischer-344 rats of different ages (8 and 25 months old) were fed a protein-free diet (PFD) for 7 days and refed a normal diet (ND) (23% protein) thereafter. Rats were killed immediately after the PFD was stopped (day 0) and at different time intervals during refeeding of a ND. Four subunits (1,2,3 and 4) and activities of glutathione S-transferases(More)
The effects of oxazepam on coordination and maximal seizure were compared between young (6-month-old) and old (24-month-old) BDF1 mice by using a rotorod test and a pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizure test, respectively. The apparent sensitivity to oxazepam's anticonvulsant effect, as examined by its effect on PTZ-induced maximal seizure, was increased(More)
The effects of age on the neurotoxicity of phenobarbital and its anticonvulsant effect were examined in female BDF1 mice of different ages by means of a rotorod test and the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced maximal seizure, respectively. The minimal neurotoxic concentrations (MTCs) of phenobarbital in both plasma and brain evaluated by a rotorod test were(More)
We previously reported that the minimal effective concentrations in plasma and brain for inducing the maximal seizure after intraperitoneal injection of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) significantly increased with age in mice. We also observed that some old mice died without the maximal seizure during the observation period of 15 min. To examine how the lethal(More)
The anticonvulsant efficacy of a newly developed anticonvulsant, AD-810 (zonisamide, 3-sulfamoylmethyl-1,2-benzisoxazole) was examined in relation to mouse age in three different age groups of female BDF1 mice (7-, 25- and 29-month-old). The minimal effective concentration (MEC) of AD-810 in both plasma and brain for abolishing the electroshock-induced(More)
The thresholds for inducing the maximal seizure by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) were compared for BDF1 mice of both sexes with varying ages after intraperitoneal administration of various doses of PTZ. The minimal effective PTZ concentrations (MECs) in the brain for inducing the maximal seizure were significantly higher in 24-month or older mice than in(More)