M. Neuhäuser

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The effects of different intravenous nutritional regimens on a number of biochemical indices of nutritional status were studied during the 8-day period following severe trauma. The inclusion of large amounts of amino acids (high nitrogen (N) was shown to greatly improve N balance over an isocaloric regimen containing no amino acids (O g N). The(More)
Utilization of N-acetyl-L-tyrosine and glycyl-L-tyrosine as a source of tyrosine in infusion solutions was tested in rats receiving total parenteral nutrition for 4 wk. The four solutions tested were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. One of the solutions contained an adequate amount of L-phenylalanine; in the other three, two-thirds of the phenylalanine was(More)
Neuromuscular abnormalities are found frequently in sepsis and multiorgan failure (MOF). Surprisingly, however, there are no data on maximum skeletal muscle force and fatigue in these patients. To test the research hypotheses that adductor pollicis (AP) force would be lower in patients with sepsis, whereas fatigue would not differ between patients and(More)
The effect of different intravenous nutritional regimens on nitrogen balance and 3-methylhistidine (3-MeHIS) excretion were studied during a 6-day period following major elective surgery in 28 patients. All patients were kept on a synthetic diet 4 days prior to surgery and were given 0.1 g amino acid N and 120 kJ/kg . day. Postoperatively, all patients(More)
Utilization of methionine and N-acetyl-L-cysteine as a source of cysteine was tested in growing rats receiving total parenteral nutrition for four weeks. The three solutions tested were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. One of the solutions contained an adequate amount of L-methionine, in the other two, two thirds of the L-methionine was substituted by a(More)
BACKGROUND The beneficial effects of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors in allergic asthma have been shown in previous preclinical and clinical studies. Because allergic rhinitis and asthma share several epidemiologic and pathophysiologic factors, PDE4 inhibitors might also be effective in allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE The main objective of this study(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Data on the effectiveness of cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors in postoperative pain therapy vary widely. We tested in a prospective, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind trial the hypotheses that perioperative (i.e. preoperative and postoperative) administration of the cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor rofecoxib decreases pain scores(More)
Presently 3-methylhistidine excretion is widely used for monitoring the metabolic status of patients during different kinds of clinical conditions. Aim of the study was to reconsider its predicative value on the basis of a larger collective of healthy persons and to find a standardization independent from sex. Therefore endogenous 3-methylhistidine release(More)
Ten patients were treated with 10 g/day of essential amino acids orally; nine patients received 9.5 g/day of a mixture of essential amino acids (lysine, threonine, tryprophan, histidine, and tyrosine) and keto analogues of isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine, valine, and methionine. A control group of 11 patients received no supplementation. All patients(More)