Learn More
The small (40 S) subunit of the eukaryotic ribosome may have to scan more than 2000 nucleotides (>600 nm) from its 5'cap recruiting point on an mRNA molecule before initiating on a translation start codon. As with many other processes in living cells, including transcription, editing, mRNA splicing, pre-rRNA processing, RNA transport and RNA decay, scanning(More)
We have characterized the transcriptional pattern of the rat mitochondrial ND6-containing region in vivo. We have identified a stable polyadenylated RNA species complementary for the full length of the ND6 mRNA. The analysis of the ND5 region has revealed the presence of an antisense RNA only at its 3' end. The presence of these stable antisense species(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 5B (NS5B) is believed to be the central catalytic enzyme responsible for HCV replication but there are many unanswered questions about how its activity is controlled. In this study we reveal that two other HCV proteins, NS3 (a protease/helicase) and NS4B (a hydrophobic protein of unknown function),(More)
Biology and medicine have become 'big science', even though we may not always like this: genomics and the subsequent analysis of what the genomes encode has shown that interesting living organisms require many more than 300 gene products to interact. We once thought that somewhere in this jungle of interacting macromolecules was hidden the molecule that(More)
We have identified new transcripts in the region surrounding the L-strand replication origin (Ori L) of rat liver mitochondrial DNA. In particular, we have detected previously unidentified intermediates of RNA processing on both the heavy and the light strands, such as precursors of the ND2 mRNA plus the Trp-tRNA and precursors of the tRNAs clustered in the(More)
In the process of protein synthesis, the small (40S) subunit of the eukaryotic ribosome is recruited to the capped 5' end of the mRNA, from which point it scans along the 5' untranslated region in search of a start codon. However, the 40S subunit alone is not capable of functional association with cellular mRNA species; it has to be prepared for the(More)
The experiments here reported demonstrate that the main non-coding region of rat mitochondrial DNA is symmetrically transcribed. We have identified stable heavy and light transcripts, whose pattern is rather complex, in the D-loop region of rat mitochondrial DNA. Their relative concentrations have been determined. We detected heavy transcripts which(More)
From Mycobacterium phlei, glycolipid fractions have been isolated which inactivate phage Phlei. On the basis of the characteristics of the inactivation (specificity, kinetics, requirement for Ca++) typical of the phage-host cell system, it was concluded that these fractions contain the receptor sites for phage Phlei ; this conclusion was supported by(More)