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We reported a novel type of calcium release from inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-sensitive calcium stores synergistically induced by muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAchR)-mediated increase in IP(3) and action potential-induced calcium influx (IP(3)-assisted calcium-induced calcium release, IP(3)-assisted CICR). To clarify its functional(More)
Cortical pyramidal neurons are considered to be less excitable in the immature cortex than in adults. Our previous report revealed that a negative feedback regulation of membrane excitability is highly correlated with a novel form of calcium release from inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-sensitive calcium stores (IP(3)-assisted calcium-induced calcium(More)
Polymer solutions and solids that contain light-sensitive molecules can undergo photo-contraction, whereby light energy is converted into mechanical energy. Here we show that a single film of a liquid-crystal network containing an azobenzene chromophore can be repeatedly and precisely bent along any chosen direction by using linearly polarized light. This(More)
For induction of long-term depression (LTD), mechanisms dependent on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) and on intracellular calcium stores have been separately known. How these two mechanisms coexist at the same synapses is not clear. Here, induction of LTD at hippocampal Schaffer collateral-to-CA1 pyramidal cell synapses was shown to depend on NMDARs(More)
Background/Aim. Usefulness of capsule endoscopy (CE) for diagnosing small-bowel lesions in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) has been reported. Most reports have addressed the clinical features of overt OGIB, with few addressing occult OGIB. We aimed to clarify whether occult OGIB is a definite indication for CE. Methods. We(More)
BACKGROUND Although capsule endoscopy is available as a minimally invasive imaging technique that contributes significantly to the detection of small bowel lesions, there are only a very few published descriptions of small bowel abnormalities in patients with portal hypertension. AIMS The aim of this study was to characterize the occurrence of small bowel(More)
We report a rare case of metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to the small bowel that presented as a pedunculated epithelial polyp. A 60-year-old man with liver cirrhosis type B was treated for HCC (stage IVb) at our hospital. He had been admitted for melena and anemia. Capsule endoscopy was performed in this patient with obscure gastrointestinal(More)
This paper proposes a new volatility model for energy prices explicitly characterized by the supply-demand relationship, which we call a Supply and Demand based Volatility (SDV) model. We show that the supply curve shape of energy in the SDV model produces the characteristics of the volatility in energy prices. Especially, it is found that the inverse(More)
BACKGROUND Small-bowel angioectasias are frequently diagnosed with capsule endoscopy (CE) or balloon endoscopy however, major predictors have not been defined and the indications for endoscopic treatment have not been standardized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors and management of small-bowel angioectasia. METHODS Among patients with(More)