M. N. Lipovac

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Uptake of arginine-vasopressin, VP, at the luminal side of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was studied by means of an in situ brain perfusion technique in the guinea-pig. Kinetic experiments revealed a saturable peptide influx into the parietal cortex, caudate nucleus and hippocampus with Km between 2.1 and 2.7 microM, and Vmax ranging from 4.9 to 5.6(More)
Studies have shown a greater preference for the self-administration of drugs such as nicotine and cocaine in the Lewis rat strain than in the Fischer 344 strain. We examined some factors that could contribute to such a difference. The baseline level of extracellular dopamine in nucleus accumbens shell was about 3-times higher in Fischer rats than in Lewis(More)
Adult male mice, rats, and guinea pigs were subjected to intense sound stimulation of an electric bell (100 dB, 12 kHz for 60 s) after a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of metaphit (1-(1-(3 isothiocyanatophenyl)-cyclohexyl)piperidine) (50 mg/kg). When the animals were tested 24 h after administration of metaphit, audiogenic seizures were observed.(More)
Transport of 3H-labelled thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) across the blood-brain barrier was studied in the ipsilateral perfused in situ guinea pig forebrain. The unidirectional transfer constant (Kin) calculated from the multiple time brain uptake analysis ranged from 1.14 X 10(-3) to 1.22 X 10(-3) ml min-1 g-1, in the parietal cortex, caudate nucleus,(More)
The brain vascular perfusion method, with a multiple-time brain uptake analysis, has been employed to study the effects of chronic amphetamine intoxication on the kinetics of entry of 2 inert polar molecules, D-[14C]mannitol (mol.wt. 180) and [3H]polyethylene glycol (PEG, mol.wt. 4000) into the forebrain of the guinea pig. The unidirectional transfer(More)
Blood-brain barrier permeability to homologous serum125I-IgG and to D-[3H]mannitol was studied by means of the brain vascular perfusion method in guinea pigs with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). EAE was induced with homologous myelin basic protein (MBP) after pretreatment with foreign protein and muramyl dipeptide (MDP). The results suggest a(More)
Cotinine is the major metabolite of nicotine. Nicotine is rapidly metabolized and has a short half-life, but cotinine is metabolized and eliminated at a much lower rate. Because of the resulting increase with time in the cotinine to nicotine ratio in the body, including in the brain, it is of interest to examine the effect of cotinine on nicotine-induced(More)
Transport of [tyrosyl-3,5-3H]enkephalin-(5-L-leucine) [( 3H]Leu-enkephalin) across the blood-brain barrier was studied in the adult guinea pig, by means of vascular perfusion of the head in vivo. The unidirectional transfer constant (Kin) estimated from the multiple-time uptake data for [3H]Leu-enkephalin ranged from 3.62 X 10(-3) to 3.63 X 10(-3) ml min-1(More)
Metaphit induces audiogenic seizures in mice. The most severe clonic/tonic seizures occur 18-24 h after metaphit administration. After 48 h the incidence of the seizure episodes begin to diminish. These audiogenic seizures can be prevented by the administration of either PCP or MK-801 24 h after metaphit and 30 min prior to audio stimulation. These seizures(More)
The existence of an immunological blood-brain barrier to homologous blood-borne immunoglobulin G (IgG) was investigated in the guinea pig using a vascular brain perfusion technique in situ. Cerebrovascular unidirectional transfer constants (Kin) for 125I-labeled IgG (2.5 micrograms/ml) estimated from the multiple-time brain uptake data, ranged from 0.53 to(More)