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Adipocytes are estrogen-responsive cells, but the quantitative expression and transcriptional regulation of the estrogen receptors (ER-alpha and ER-beta) in human adipocytes and their precursor cells are unclear. Using real-time quantitative PCR, we have demonstrated that both ER-alpha and ER-beta mRNA are expressed in human mature adipocytes with a large(More)
As a sexual dimorphism appears in plasma leptin levels, the aim of the present study was to investigate, in vivo and in vitro, the influence of sex steroid hormones on ob messenger RNA (mRNA) and leptin expressions in rat fat cells from various anatomical localizations. In male rats, castration resulted in a modulation of ob gene mRNA expression which was(More)
Various clinical and epidemiological evidence strongly suggests a major role for sex steroid hormones in the determination of anatomical specificities of fat distribution in human. To date, no studies have examined the possible presence of androgen receptors (AR) in human adipocytes and preadipocytes. We have studied AR in preadipocytes from various(More)
To investigate the role of sex steroid hormones in adipose tissue development and distribution, we have studied the effect of various sex steroids (testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and 17beta-estradiol) in vitro, on the proliferation and differentiation processes in rat preadipocytes from deep (epididymal and parametrial) and superficial (femoral(More)
Because leptin has recently been shown to induce proliferation and/or differentiation of different cell types through different pathways, the aim of the present study was to investigate, in vitro, the influence of leptin on adipogenesis in rat preadipocytes. A prerequisite to this study was to identify leptin receptors (Ob-Ra and Ob-Rb) in preadipocytes(More)
This review summarizes recent animal studies performed to determine the possible role played by sex hormones in the sex- and site-related differences characterizing adipocyte lipolytic activity. In both normal female rats and male hamsters, fat cells from deep intra-abdominal sites elicit higher catecholamine-stimulated lipolytic responses than subcutaneous(More)
Identifiable causes of fetal growth restriction (FGR) account for 30 % of cases, but the remainders are idiopathic and are frequently associated with placental dysfunction. We have shown that the angiogenic factor endocrine gland-derived VEGF (EG-VEGF) and its receptors, prokineticin receptor 1 (PROKR1) and 2, (1) are abundantly expressed in human placenta,(More)
Placenta growth and functions depend on correct trophoblast migration, proliferation, and differentiation. The placenta has a critical role in gas and nutrient transport. To accomplish these numerous functions, the placenta depends on a highly efficient energy metabolism control. Recent studies showed that the orphan nuclear receptor Estrogen-Related(More)
The effects of castration and testosterone treatment on insulin- and phorbol ester (TPA)-stimulated lipogenic responses, phorbol dibutyrate-specific binding to protein kinase C (PKC) in the cytosol and the beta-PKC isoform level quantified by immunoblotting were compared in rat fat cells from femoral subcutaneous (SC) and deep intra-abdominal (epididymal)(More)