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Mammals manifest circadian behaviour timed by an endogenous clock in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Considerable progress has been made in identifying the molecular basis of the circadian clock, but the mechanisms by which it is translated into cyclic firing activity, high during the day and low at night, are still poorly understood. GABA(More)
GABA (gamma-amino-butyric acid) is the predominant neurotransmitter in the mammalian suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), with a central role in circadian time-keeping. We therefore undertook an ultrastructural analysis of the GABA-containing innervation in the SCN of mice and rats using immunoperoxidase and immunogold procedures. GABA-immunoreactive (GABA-ir)(More)
With a view to identifying the neurotransmitter content of retinal terminals within the mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus, a highly specific antiserum to glutaraldehyde-coupled glutamate was used in a postembedding immunogold procedure at the ultrastructural level. Retinal terminals were identified by cholera toxin--horseradish peroxidase transported(More)
Although light is known to regulate the level of c-fos gene expression in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the site of an endogenous circadian clock, little is known about the identities of the photically activated cells. We used light-microscopic immunocytochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy to detect c-Fos protein in the SCN of Sabra mice exposed to(More)
Polyclonal antibodies were raised against the GABA transporter (GABA-Tp) purified from rat brain tissue (Radian et al., 1986) and used for immunocytochemical localization of the antigen in several rat brain areas, including the cerebellum, hippocampus, substantia nigra, and cerebral cortex. Light microscopic studies with the peroxidase-antiperoxidase and(More)
The effect of acute subcutaneous administration of methamphetamine on the expression of neurotensin mRNA was investigated in the adult rat striatum. At different time points (2, 6 and 24 h) following drug administration rats were killed, and mRNA levels were quantified both on films and emulsion-dipped tissue sections from two striatal levels. Two hours(More)
Direct intracerebral gene transfer to neural cells has been demonstrated with recombinant adenovirus encoding beta-galactosidase. To explore the potential of recombinant adenovirus for the therapy of neurological disease we constructed a recombinant adenovirus encoding tyrosine hydroxylase and optimized intracerebral injection to express the gene in the(More)
The oxytocinergic and vasopressinergic innervation of the forebrain of normal mice was studied immunocytochemically by use of a set of mouse monoclonal anti-neurophysins applied to serial vibratome sections. The extensive hypothalamic and extra-hypothalamic location of these neuropeptides was revealed, with, or without colchicine pretreatment. Magnocellular(More)
Attempts are being made to unravel the local circuitry of the suprachiasmatic nucleus, with a view toward eventually correlating specific neuronal systems with circadian events. Hence, the vasopressinergic innervation of this nucleus in the laboratory mouse has been analyzed immunocytochemically at the light and electron microscopical levels. Monoclonal(More)
Using immunohistochemical techniques we have analysed the occurrence of cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity (CCK-LI) in the cortex and striatum of the rat. In the cortex few CCK-immunoreactive cell bodies, mainly interneurons, could be visualized in normal brains, and a moderately dense network of CCK fibres was also observed. Injections of colchicine(More)