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Oxidative stress plays an important role in cancer development and treatment. Recent data implicate the tumor suppressor BRCA1 in regulating oxidative stress, but the molecular mechanism and the impact in BRCA1-associated tumorigenesis remain unclear. Here, we show that BRCA1 regulates Nrf2-dependent antioxidant signaling by physically interacting with Nrf2(More)
Isolated fourth ventricles were diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) in 16 children in a 3 year period. They all had had shunting of the lateral ventricles for hydrocephalus, and all needed subsequent shunt revisions. Seven patients without signs of raised intracranial pressure clinically had new posterior fossa signs at different intervals after lateral(More)
BACKGROUND Significant blood loss continues to plague early tangential excision of the burn wound. Although various techniques to reduce intraoperative blood loss have been described, there is an absence of uniformity and consistency in their application. Furthermore, it is unclear whether these techniques compromise intraoperative tissue assessment and(More)
The mechanism of action of topical silicone gel sheets on hypertrophic scars is not well understood and their effect on the blood flow within hypertrophic scars has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine whether application of silicone gel sheets produced any acute effects on blood flow in hypertrophic burn scars. Perfusion of(More)
Topical negative pressure (TNP) therapy has emerged as a high-technology, microprocessor-controlled physical wound-healing modality. Complex effects at the wound-dressing interface following application of a controlled vacuum force have been documented. These include changes on a microscopic, molecular level and on a macroscopic, tissue level: interstitial(More)
We had anecdotally observed that fluid resuscitation volumes often exceed those estimated by the Parkland Formula in adults with isolated cutaneous burns. The purpose of this study was to compare estimated and actual fluid resuscitation volumes using the Parkland Formula. We performed a retrospective study of fluid resuscitation in patients with burns > or(More)
Induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus is dependent on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation. However, NMDA receptor stimulation alone is not adequate to trigger LTP. Results from the present study indicate that, in addition to NMDA receptors, there is a requirement for(More)
In a review of all children with brain neoplasms evaluated at a large pediatric center during a three-year period following the introduction of computed tomography (CT), a change was observed in the age distribution at the time of clinical presentation as compared with a previous series evaluated prior to the introduction of CT. In children under six years(More)
BACKGROUND Median sternotomy infection and bony nonunion are two commonly described complications which occur in 0.4-5.1% of cardiac procedures. Although relatively infrequent, these complications can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the initial experience of a transverse plate fixation system(More)
Twenty-two gliomas of the anterior optic pathways in children were reviewed, and the relative merits of computed tomography (CT), pneumoencephalography (PEG), angiography, and radionuclide brain scanning were assessed. Contrast-enhanced CT scans proved to be superior in demonstrating the full extracranial extent of the lesions and spread along the optic(More)