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The specific binding of N-acetylneuraminic acid to wheat-germ agglutinin is based on configuration similarities between N-acetylneuraminic acid and N-acetylglucosamine. The N-acetamido group and an adjacent hydroxyl group, both in an equatorial position are shown to be the main determinants. The N-acetylneuraminic acid--wheat-germ agglutinin interaction is(More)
Chloroquine improves drastically the transfection of cells upon exposure to plasmid DNA/glycosylated polylysine complexes. So far the mechanism of action of chloroquine is not well understood. In this paper, the effect of chloroquine was investigated by measuring the transfection efficiency of a human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2 cells) by pSV2LUC/lactosylated(More)
BACKGROUND Although polycations are among the most efficient nonviral vectors for gene transfer, the gene expression they allow is still too low for in vivo applications. To engineer more potent polycationic vectors, the factors governing the intracellular trafficking of a plasmid complexed with current polycations need to be identified. METHODS AND(More)
The specificity, the strength, the kinetics and some thermodynamic parameters of sugar-protein interactions are easily assessed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). This paper intends to present both theoretical and practical considerations. This includes: the principle of SPR, the analysis according to Langmuir and Scatchard, the problems linked either to(More)
Macrophages are putative target cells for expressing an exogenous gene with therapeutical effects. Knowing that macrophages express membrane lectins mediating endocytosis of their ligands, DNA/glycosylated polylysine complexes were used to transfect human blood monocyte-derived macrophages. Monocytes from human peripheral blood were matured in culture for 7(More)
A method for the visualization of cellular carbohydrate components by both light and electron microscopy using lectins on glycol methacrylate sections is proposed. This method, which is an application of the lectin-peroxidase affinity technique, solves the problem of limited penetration when it is attempted to demonstrated lectins receptors within the(More)
Based on sequence homologies with leguminous lectins, the intermediate compartment marker ERGIC-53 was proposed to be a member of a putative new class of animal lectins associated with the secretory pathway. Independent, a promyelocytic protein, MR60, was purified by mannose-column chromatography, and a cDNA was isolated that matched MR60 peptide sequences.(More)
In an attempt to identify cell surface molecules involved in recognition phenomena between cells such as keratinocytes and melanocytes and putatively target biological responses modifiers to keratinocytes, we undertook the detection of cell surface sugar specific receptors: membrane lectins. Keratinocyte membrane lectins were found to bind synthetic(More)