M. Monjur Ahasan

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OBJECTIVES Synovial fibroblasts and osteoblasts generate active glucocorticoids by means of the 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) enzyme. This activity increases in response to proinflammatory cytokines or glucocorticoids. During inflammatory arthritis synovium and bone are exposed to both these factors. This study hypothesised that(More)
OBJECTIVE Tissue glucocorticoid (GC) levels are regulated by the GC-activating enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1). This enzyme is expressed in cells and tissues arising from mesenchymal stromal cells. Proinflammatory cytokines dramatically increase expression of 11β-HSD1 in stromal cells, an effect that has been implicated in(More)
T-cell immunity is important for controlling Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) diseases such as the endothelial cell malignancy Kaposi sarcoma, or the B-cell malignancy, primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). However, little is known about KSHV-specific T-cell immunity in healthy donors and immune control of disease. Using PBMCs from healthy(More)
Murine cytomegalovirus mutant Rc29, with a premature stop codon mutation in the m29 open reading frame (ORF), produced no apparent phenotype in cell culture or following infection of BALB/c mice. In contrast, a similar mutant virus, Rc29.1, with a premature stop codon mutation in its m29.1 ORF, showed reduced virus yields (2-3 log(10) p.f.u. ml(-1)) in(More)
A viable virus could not be recovered from a mutant murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) BAC in which the M34 ORF had been deleted (BACDeltaM34). In contrast, an M34 mutant virus (RcM34), in which the M34 ORF was interrupted by transposon insertion at nt 44,827 of the Smith MCMV BAC, was attenuated in replication both in tissue culture and in SCID mice. Similarly,(More)
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