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We studied the anti-tumor mechanism against a syngeneic tumor using a BALB/c-MA tumor system by cytolysis and cytostasis assays in vitro comparing mice neonatally thymectomized at 1 day or 7 days after birth (NTx-1, NTx-7), sham-operated (sham) mice, and congenitally athymic nude BALB/c mice. NTx-1 mice showed more rapid tumor growth and a slightly lower(More)
Skin allograft survival and immune responses against allogeneic antigens homologous to skin grafts were observed in BALB/c Cr Slc (BALB) mice (H-2d) thymectomized at 1 day after birth and grafted with skin from major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-incompatible, fully allogeneic C3H/HeN (C3H) (H-2k) or MHC-compatible allogeneic DBA/2 Cr Slc (DBA) mice(More)
The chemiluminescence of the Cypridina luciferin analogue, 2-methyl-6-(p-methoxyphenyl)-3,7-dihydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyrazin++ +-3-one (MCLA) was observed at 462 nm in the presence of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and the total spectrum of light emitted was found to depend linearly on HRP concentration. Methods for the determination of HRP concentration using(More)
1. We evaluated the induction of endothelial barrier functions by the type 1 astrocyte-derived supernatant in culture using horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as a parameter. 2. A gel filtration fraction (molecular weight 16-20 kDa) of type 1 astrocyte-derived supernatant reduced plasmalemmal vesicles and induced tight junctions in endothelial cells. 3. In(More)
A high degree of cytostatic activity was detected in peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) from BALB/c mice immunized with mitomycin C-treated Meth A cells (MMC-MA) given intraperitoneally (i.p.) While this cytostatic activity was not detected in a nonadherent fraction of immune PEC, the addition of starch-induced PEC to the nonadherent immune cells led to a(More)
Harada, Etsumori, Megumi Mitani, and Takashi Takeuchi. Potentiation of carbachol-induced amylase release by propionate in guinea pig and vole pancreatic acini. Am. J. Physiol. 277 (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 46): R767–R775, 1999.—The action of propionate, one of the major end products of microbial fermentation in herbivores was investigated in(More)
A humoral factor capable of augmenting delayed-type hypersensitivity antigen specificity (DAF) is present in the serum of mice sensitized with heterologous erythrocytes to induce a delayed footpad reaction (DFR). In the present study, a similar factor was identified when xenogeneic tumor cells were used as antigens. This factor also could augment the in(More)
The action of propionate, one of the major end products of microbial fermentation in herbivores was investigated in isolated, perifused pancreatic acini of guinea pigs, voles, and mice. With the use of guinea pig acini, 100 microM propionate had no effect, whereas 300 and 600 microM increased amylase release by six- and ninefold, respectively. Simultaneous(More)
Different aspects of the immune response differ with respect to sensitivity of neonatal thymectomy (NTx). The effect of thymectomy on Days 1 and 7 after birth (NTx-1, NTx-7) on antitumor immune responses to both a syngeneic and an allogeneic tumor graft was examined. The tumor used was the same, Meth A fibrosarcoma of BALB/c origin, but the mice inoculated(More)
The mechanism of antitumor immunity against syngeneic X5563 plasmocytoma was investigated with cytostasis and cytolysis assays by changing the host-tumor interrelationship using neonatally thymectomized (NTx) mice and spontaneous variant tumors. Immunization with mitomycin C-treated X5563 cells (MCC-X5563) in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced an(More)