M. Mazhar Ayaz

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Eimeria (E.) tenella (local isolate) sporozoites were adapted on the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of 10-12 days chicken embryos and completed its life cycle in 6-7 days at 39 degrees C and 70 per cent humidity. Only 23 embryos (4.6%) were found dead from 1-4 day post inoculation of sporozoites with mild lesions on CAM with no gametocytes but few(More)
There are varieties of factors which can affect wool (macro and micro elements of wool) in sheep directly or indirectly. Genetic and environmental factors are major factors influencing wool quality and quantity. There are some bacterial, viral, fungal and espically parasitic diseases which also affect the wool. Other factors are exogenous chemicals,(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play a role in intercellular communications via exchanging biological molecules, being involved in host-parasite interplay. Little is to date known about E. multilocularis EVs and their biological activities. Here spherical EVs secreted by E. multilocularis metacestodes were shown to range predominately from 34nm to 95nm in(More)
Neospora caninum is an important cause of abortion in dairy cattle worldwide. Dogs are important in the epidemiology of N. caninum because they act as definitive hosts shedding oocysts in the environment. Vertical transmission of the parasite is well recognized as an important aspect of the epidemiology of the parasite but the importance of horizontal(More)
The aim of this article is to explore the current status of livestock resources, their status of utilisation and the future research concepts in dairy production and milk processing in Pakistan. Advances in the areas of genetics of dairy species, cow reproduction, nutrition, dairy chemistry, milk microbiology, processing technology and milk-based functional(More)
miRNAs are small non-coding regulatory RNAs and actively contribute to the pathogenesis of parasitic diseases in multiple ways. The influence of Echinococcus multilocularis infection on host miRNAs remains unclear. Herein, it was shown that E. multilocularis infection disturbed the expression of 4 of 10 genes essential to miRNA biogenesis in the mouse(More)
Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes are a causative pathogen for alveolar echinococcosis in human beings, and have been found to express miRNAs including emu-miR-71. miR-71 is evolutionarily conserved and highly expressed across platyhelminths, but little is known about its role. Here it was shown that emu-miR-71 was differentially expressed in(More)
In the histological sections of the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), there were abundant small dark colored rounded bodies of gametes and in some cases cluster of small mature and immature shizoints in increasing numbers on day 4-6 post inoculation. Numerous merozoites were also observed in the allontic fluid on day 6-7 post inoculation. In the present(More)
All classes of avian have definite requirements for sodium (Na), potassium (K) and chloride (Cl)in the correct amounts for homeostasis. While the concern for electrolyte concentration within the diet is extremely important, of equal importance is the dietary electrolyte balance. It is notably significant that the balance of these three elements be within(More)
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