M. Mattioli-Belmonte

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Biodegradability, biocompatibility and capacity to promote the synthesis of hyaluronan are main characteristics of chitin-derived wound healing materials, whose biological significance in the human body depends largely on the actions that certain hydrolases exert on them. The resulting chitooligomers stimulate various cells, while the released monomers are(More)
The Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) theory suggests that genetic alterations in stem cells are the direct cause for cancer. The evidence for a CSC population that results in pituitary tumors is poor. Some studies report the isolation of CSCs, but a deep characterization of the stemness of these cells is lacking. Here, we report the isolation and detailed(More)
Biocompatibility relies essentially on surface phenomena, represented by cell-cell, cell-material and material (polymer)-protein interactions. An in vivo and in vitro experimental investigation was carried out on the biomaterials of two different classes with a good potential for in situ utilisation. Non-resorbable (Polypyrrole, Polyaniline, Polyimide) and(More)
The implantation of chondrocytes, seeded on matrices such as hyaluronic acid or collagen membranes, is a method that is being widely used for the treatment of chondral defects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the distribution, viability and phenotype expression of the cells seeded on a collagen membrane just at the time of the implantation.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated from different adult sources and, even if the minimal criteria for defining MSCs have been reported, the scientific question about the potential distinctions among MSCs derived from different sources is still open. In particular, it is debated whether MSCs of different origin have the same grade of stemness or(More)
Tendons have poor spontaneous regenerative capabilities, and complete regeneration is never achieved despite intensive remodeling. In this in vitro study, we characterized two multilamellar collagen I membranes differing in the arrangement of collagen fiber deposition (oriented vs. nonoriented) and compared their mechanical properties. Human dermal(More)
Even though muscle injuries are very common, few scientific data on their effective treatment exist. Growth Factors (GFs) may have a role in accelerating muscle repair processes and a currently available strategy for their delivery into the lesion site is the use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The present study is focused on the use of Platelet(More)
The critical tissues that require regeneration in the periodontium are of mesenchymal origin; therefore, the ability to identify, characterize and manipulate mesenchymal stem cells within the periodontium is of considerable clinical significance. In particular, recent findings suggest that periodontal ligament cells may possess many osteoblast-like(More)
The idea of using chitosan as a functional delivery aid to support simultaneously PRP, stem cells and growth factors (GF) is associated with the intention to use morphogenic biomaterials to modulate the natural healing sequence in bone and other tissues. For example, chitosan-chondroitin sulfate loaded with platelet lysate was included in a(More)
Healing of skeletal defects is strictly dependent on osteogenesis and efficient vascularization of engineered scaffolds. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are both involved in these processes. The in vitro administration of IGF-1 in association with VEGF is able to modulate the osteoblastic or endothelial(More)