Learn More
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated from different adult sources and, even if the minimal criteria for defining MSCs have been reported, the scientific question about the potential distinctions among MSCs derived from different sources is still open. In particular, it is debated whether MSCs of different origin have the same grade of stemness or(More)
The Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) theory suggests that genetic alterations in stem cells are the direct cause for cancer. The evidence for a CSC population that results in pituitary tumors is poor. Some studies report the isolation of CSCs, but a deep characterization of the stemness of these cells is lacking. Here, we report the isolation and detailed(More)
Three-dimensional porous hydroxyapatite/collagen (HA/Coll) composites with a random pore structure were obtained by freeze-drying and crosslinked by an enzymatic treatment using microbial transglutaminase (mTGase). The procedure resulted in improved mechanical strength and thermal stability of the scaffolds. The scaffolds were characterized in terms of(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising tools for studying the mechanisms of development and for the regeneration of injured tissues. Correct selection of the MSCs source is crucial in order to obtain a more efficient treatment and, in this respect Periosteum-Derived Cells (PDPCs) may represent an interesting alternative to bone marrow MSCs for(More)
The critical tissues that require regeneration in the periodontium are of mesenchymal origin; therefore, the ability to identify, characterize and manipulate mesenchymal stem cells within the periodontium is of considerable clinical significance. In particular, recent findings suggest that periodontal ligament cells may possess many osteoblast-like(More)
Biocompatibility relies essentially on surface phenomena, represented by cell-cell, cell-material and material (polymer)-protein interactions. An in vivo and in vitro experimental investigation was carried out on the biomaterials of two different classes with a good potential for in situ utilisation. Non-resorbable (Polypyrrole, Polyaniline, Polyimide) and(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between expression of angiogenic and regeneration markers and periodontal disease in subjects with/without diabetes mellitus. MATERIAL AND METHODS Immunohistochemical detection of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), CD44 and CD133 was performed in 16 samples each of (1) healthy gingiva(More)
Coating of orthopaedic or dental Titanium (Ti) implants with extracellular bone matrix components (e.g., Type I collagen or hydroxyapatite) is usually performed to enhance their osseointegration. Aim of the present research is the evaluation of an innovative bone-derived Ti coating, containing bone apatite and Type I bone collagen preserved, in an(More)
Biodegradability, biocompatibility and capacity to promote the synthesis of hyaluronan are main characteristics of chitin-derived wound healing materials, whose biological significance in the human body depends largely on the actions that certain hydrolases exert on them. The resulting chitooligomers stimulate various cells, while the released monomers are(More)
Bone marrow is a useful cell source for skeletal tissue engineering approaches. In vitro differentiation of marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to chondrocytes or osteoblasts can be induced by the addition of specific growth factors to the medium. The present study evaluated the behaviour of human MSCs cultured on various scaffolds to determine whether(More)