M. Matsumoto

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Dopamine is essential to cognitive functions. However, despite abundant studies demonstrating that dopamine neuron activity is related to reinforcement and motivation, little is known about what signals dopamine neurons convey to promote cognitive processing. We therefore examined dopamine neuron activity in monkeys performing a delayed matching-to-sample(More)
The matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE) gene is highly expressed in tumors that cause oncogenic hypophosphatemic osteomalacia (OHO). MEPE is also known as one of the bone-tooth matrix proteins and is associated with bone mineralization. We developed a rabbit polyclonal antibody directed against recombinant human MEPE (rhMEPE) after cloning its(More)
Optogenetics enables temporally and spatially precise control of neuronal activity in vivo. One of the key advantages of optogenetics is that it can be used to control the activity of targeted neural pathways that connect specific brain regions. While such pathway-selective optogenetic control is a popular tool in rodents, attempts at modulating behaviour(More)
Animals monitor the outcome of their choice and adjust subsequent choice behavior using the outcome information. Together with the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the lateral habenula (LHb) has recently attracted attention for its crucial role in monitoring negative outcome. To investigate their contributions to subsequent behavioral adjustment, we(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an important problem that should be solved in the 21st century. Prior to treatment, a simple and easy diagnostic method using biological markers should be available. As a method to attain this goal, we detected and determined tau protein in oral mucosal epithelium. METHODS Oral epithelium was exfoliated from 34(More)
A 90-year old man was admitted to a hospital because of consciousness loss with hyponatremia. Although his symptom promptly improved with Na supply, his chest X-ray film showed pulmonary infiltration and direct microscopy of sputum smear was positive for acid-fast bacilli, then he was referred our hospital and was admitted. We made a clinical diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND We have reported that use of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, which is a class of antihypertensive agent that induces cough, is an independent factor in reducing risk of pneumonia among elderly inpatients. Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the ACE gene (ACE) has been associated with the risk of pneumonia in elderly(More)
Obesity is an important risk factor for heart disease. Whether weight loss affects the severity of heart failure induced by viral myocarditis is a matter of debate. We hypothesized that weight loss could improve cardiac dysfunction by inducing cardiac expression of a cardioprotective cytokine, adiponectin. We examined the relationship between weight loss by(More)
We examined the effects of the angiotensin II receptor type1 blocker candesartan on myocarditis injury in a murine model of acute myocarditis. We hypothesized that candesartan improves cardiac damage by inducing cardiac expression of adiponectin. We examined changes in heart failure caused by myocarditis in mice by candesartan based on induction of cardiac(More)