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PURPOSE To investigate factors related to the development of internal mammary arteries (IMAs) as feeding arteries of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS In 30 patients with HCC located in ventral hepatic areas directly beneath the diaphragm, bilateral internal mammary arteriography was performed to explore involvement of the IMA with(More)
The occurrence of a hitherto unknown pathway involving the action of two enzymes, a nitrile hydratase and an amidase for the biosynthesis of indole-3-acetic acid was discovered in phytopathogenic bacteria Agrobacterium tumefaciens and in leguminous bacteria Rhizobium. The nitrile hydratase acting on indole-3-acetonitrile was purified to homogeneity through(More)
Stress fibers were isolated from cultured human foreskin fibroblasts and bovine endothelial cells, and their contraction was demonstrated in vitro. Cells in culture dishes were first treated with a low-ionic-strength extraction solution and then further extracted using detergents. With gentle washes by pipetting, the nucleus and the apical part of cells(More)
Fluid flow triggers signal transducing events, modulates gene expression, and remodels cytoskeletal structures in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). However, the primary steps of mechanoreception are still unknown. We have recently reported that a glycoprotein is rapidly tyrosine-phosphorylated in bovine ECs exposed to fluid flow or osmotic shock. Here were(More)
Stress fibers (SFs) are present along the apical (apical SF) and the basal (basal SF) portions of cultured cells. We have recently shown that apical SFs are anchored to the apical plasma membrane (PM) in a manner similar to how basal SFs are attached to focal adhesion sites. We propose calling such apical SF-membrane attachment sites "apical plaques." To(More)
Methotrexate [(+) amethopterin, L-MTX] has two carboxyl groups in its structure and is eliminated mainly by excretion into urine and bile. To investigate the biliary excretion mechanism of L-MTX, we performed in vivo and in vitro studies using mutant rats, Eisai hyperbilirubinemic rats (EHBRs), whose canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter(More)
PURPOSE Our previous phase II trial for treating human T-lymphotropic virus type I-associated adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATLL) with vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VCAP), doxorubicin, ranimustine, and prednisone (AMP), and vindesine, etoposide, carboplatin, and prednisone (VECP) showed promising results. To test the(More)
To investigate the flow sensing and the early signaling events in vascular endothelial cells (ECs), we surveyed changes in phosphotyrosine levels of glycoproteins using immunoblot analyses. Cultured bovine arterial ECs were exposed to steady laminar flow by using a coneplate type flow apparatus and glycoprotein fractions were partially purified by lectin(More)
Accessory protein Vpr of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) arrests cell cycling at G(2)/M phase in human and simian cells. Recently, it has been shown that Vpr also causes cell cycle arrest in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, which shares the cell cycle regulatory mechanisms with higher eukaryotes including humans. In this study, in(More)
Various commercially available chondroitin sulfates, including an A isomer from whale cartilage, C and D isomers from shark cartilage, and an E isomer from squid cartilage, were exhaustively digested with a commercial highly purified Proteus vulgaris chondroitinase ABC. Gel chromatography of all digests yielded a disaccharide and an oligosaccharide fraction(More)