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The main aim of the experiment was to study the behaviour of seven long-day adapted clones of Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena (A) and three varieties of S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum (T) in an incomplete diallel cross. The four groups of crosses, TxT, TxA, AxT and AxA, held 2, 12, 20 and 21 populations, respectively. Eleven of the intersubspecific crosses(More)
We implement an Independent Component Analysis (ICA) algorithm to separate signals of different origin in sky maps at several frequencies. Due to its self-organizing capability, it works without prior assumptions either on the frequency dependence or on the angular power spectrum of the various signals; rather, it learns directly from the input data how to(More)
BICEP2/Keck and Planck Collaborations: P. A. R. Ade, N. Aghanim, Z. Ahmed, R. W. Aikin, K. D. Alexander, M. Arnaud, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, A. J. Banday, 9 D. Barkats, R. B. Barreiro, J. G. Bartlett, 13 N. Bartolo, 15 E. Battaner, 17 K. Benabed, 19 A. Benoit-Lévy, 18, 19 S. J. Benton, J.-P. Bernard, 9 M. Bersanelli, 23 P. Bielewicz, 9, 7 C. A. Bischoff,(More)
We report on accurate BVRI photometry for the two Uranus irregular satellites Sycorax and Caliban. We derive colours, showing that Sycorax is bluer than Caliban. Our data allows us to detect a significant variability in the Caliban’s light-curve, which suggests an estimated period of about 3 hours. Despite it is the brighter of the two bodies, Sycorax does(More)
Planck has mapped the intensity and polarization of the sky at microwave frequencies with unprecedented sensitivity. We use these data to characterize the frequency dependence of dust emission. We make use of the Planck 353 GHz I, Q, and U Stokes maps as dust templates, and cross-correlate them with the Planck and WMAP data at 12 frequencies from 23 to 353(More)
This paper presents an overview of the polarized sky as seen by Planck HFI at 353 GHz, which is the most sensitive Planck channel for dust polarization. We construct and analyse maps of dust polarization fraction and polarization angle at 1◦ resolution, taking into account noise bias and possible systematic effects. The sensitivity of the Planck HFI(More)
The European Space Agency’s Planck satellite was launched on 14 May 2009, and has been surveying the sky stably and continuously since 13 August 2009. Its performance is well in line with expectations, and it will continue to gather scientific data until the end of its cryogenic lifetime. We give an overview of the history of Planck in its first year of(More)
The integrated spectral energy distributions (SED) of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) appear significantly flatter than expected from dust models based on their far-infrared and radio emission. The still unexplained origin of this millimetre excess is investigated here using the Planck data. The integrated SED of the two(More)
The expected data rate produced by the Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) planned to fly on the ESA Planck mission in 2007, is over a factor 8 larger than the bandwidth allowed by the spacecraft transmission system to download the LFI data. We discuss the application of lossless compression to Planck/LFI data streams in order to reduce the overall data flow. We(More)