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The macrolide antibiotic azithromycin (CP-62,993; 9-deoxo-9a-methyl-9a-aza-9a-homoerythromycin A; also designated XZ-450 [Pliva Pharmaceuticals, Zagreb, Yugoslavia]) showed a significant improvement in potency against gram-negative organisms compared with erythromycin while retaining the classic erythromycin spectrum. It was up to four times more potent(More)
High throughput chemical file screening with an enzymatic assay to detect inhibitors of the ErmC methyltransferase enzyme from macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB) resistant pathogenic bacteria identified low molecular weight compounds that had IC50S (50% inhibitory concentration) in the nMolar to microMolar range. These same inhibitors were(More)
Production of infectious Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV) was enhanced after treatment of the CMMT cell line with 2.5 x 10(-5) M dexamethasone phosphate (DXM). The reverse transcriptase (RT) activity and infectivity titers of treated culture fluids were enhanced by five- and tenfold, respectively. Along with stimulation of M-PMV synthesis, a simian type C(More)
Efficacious systems are described for the large-scale growth in tissue culture and concentration of infectious (P3HR-1) and transforming (B95-8) Epstein-Barr virus. Also recorded here are our updated procedures for growing stock cultures and protocols to harvest fluids containing biologically active virus which is infectious or transforming. Various methods(More)
Studies conducted with virus-infected monolayer cell cultures have demonstrated the feasibility of producing several tumor-associated viruses in microcarrier (mc) cultures (Sephadex G50 beads treated with DEAE-chloride). The efficiency of cell adherence to mc varied with the cell type, the pH of the growth medium, and the stirring force applied to keep the(More)
A simian type-C virus has been detected in cultures chronically infected with Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV). Simultaneous budding of M-PMV and type-C virus particles from the same cells was observed in cultures incubated at 37 or 40 degrees C. However, the frequency of such cells was greater in cultures grown at 40 degrees C. Although clusters of type-C(More)
In a world where virtually all consumer devices will soon be speaking the same digital language, the ability to connect hardware and distribute content from one box to another creates important opportunities for extending networks into millions of consumer homes; connecting each house to the Internet represent an unprecedented opportunity to increase(More)
6-(Heterocyclyl)methylene penam sulfones (1) are effective beta-lactamase inhibitors and potent ampicillin and cefazolin potentiators against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative beta-lactamase producing bacteria. Several of these analogs having a pi-deficient 2-heteroaryl substituent attached to the C6-methylene position showed better inhibitory activity(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infects human helper T lymphocytes by an interaction between gp120, the viral coat protein, and the T-cell receptor CD4. Two microtiter-based immunoassays, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a particle concentration fluorescence assay, were developed to measure gp120-CD4 binding and were then used to screen(More)
(6R,8S)-(2-Benzimidazolyl)hydroxymethylpenicillanic acids (1a-1x) are potent antibacterial agents and beta-lactamase inhibitors against Gram-positive bacteria and Haemophilus influenzae. The corresponding (6R,8R)-isomers (2a-2x), the 6,6-spiro benzimidazole-penam alcohol (3), (7R,9S)-(2-benzimidazolyl)hydroxymethylcephalosporanic acid (4), and 6(More)
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