M. Madalena Pinto

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Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is a potent inhibitor of cell growth, whose action is transduced through interaction between type I (RI) and type II (RII) receptors. Abnormal expression of these receptors has been identified in several human cancers and was found to be associated with resistance to TGFbeta. TGFbeta RII mutations occur in many(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer is a highly prevalent malignancy and constitutes a major cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality. Owing to the limitations of current clinical, serologic, and pathologic parameters in predicting disease progression, we sought to investigate the prognostic value of promoter methylation of a small panel of genes by quantitative(More)
Aberrant promoter hypermethylation of cancer-associated genes occurs frequently during carcinogenesis and may serve as a cancer biomarker. In this study we aimed at defining a quantitative gene promoter methylation panel that might identify the most prevalent types of renal cell tumors. A panel of 18 gene promoters was assessed by quantitative(More)
BRAF, a serine/threonine kinase of the RAF family, is a downstream transducer of the RAS-regulated MAPK pathway and signals upstream of MEK1/2 kinases. Recently, activating mutations within BRAF have been reported in a high percentage of melanomas and colorectal carcinomas and shown to have oncogenic capabilities. Further, their association to(More)
Many tumor cells become resistant to commonly used cytotoxic drugs due to the overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, namely P-glycoprotein (P-gp). The discovery of the reversal of multidrug resistance (MDR) by verapamil occured in 1981, and in 1968 MDR Chinese hamster cell lines were isolated for the first time. Since then, P-gp(More)
Genes from the RAF family are Ras-regulated kinases involved in growth cellular responses. Recently, a V599E hotspot mutation within the BRAF gene was reported in a high percentage of colorectal tumors and significantly associated to defective mismatch repair (MMR). Additionally, BRAF mutations were described only in K-Ras-negative colon carcinomas,(More)
Xanthones or xanthen-9H-ones (dibenzo-gamma-pirone) comprise an important class of oxygenated heterocycles whose role is well-known in Medicinal Chemistry. The biological activities of this class of compounds are associated with their tricyclic scaffold but vary depending on the nature and/or position of the different substituents. In this review, an array(More)
The interest in the synthesis and applications of thioxanthones, dibenzo-gamma-thiopyrones, started in the beginning of the 20th century. Thioxanthones are traditionally synthesized via benzophenone, diarylthioether or diarylthioester intermediates. In recent years, more efficient and cleaner synthetic methodologies are being applied to obtain thioxanthone(More)
The biflavonoids 6,6"-bigenkwanin, amenthoflavone, 7,7"-dimethoxyagastisflavone and tetradimethoxybigenkwanin isolated from Ouratea species were tested for inhibitory activity on Aspergillus flavus cultures. Suspensions of Aspergillus flavus spores were inoculated into 50 ml of YES medium at different biflavonoid concentrations: 5 and 10 microg/ml for(More)
Catechols from abietic acid were prepared by a short and good yielding chemical process and further evaluated for several biological activities namely, antifungal, antitumoral, antimutagenic, antiviral, antiproliferative and inhibition of nitric oxide. Their properties were compared with those of carnosic acid (6), a naturally occurring catechol with an(More)