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The epicardium and dorsal mesocardium are known to be the source of structures that form the wall of the coronary vessels. Because mouse knockout studies have shown that proper epicardial formation is also essential for myocardial development, we have studied in detail the migration and differentiation of epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) within the(More)
In the present study, we investigated the modulatory role of the epicardium in myocardial and coronary development. Epicardial cell tracing experiments have shown that epicardium-derived cells are the source of interstitial myocardial fibroblasts, cushion mesenchyme, and smooth muscle cells. Epicardial outgrowth inhibition studies show abnormalities of the(More)
Changes in the distribution of extracellular matrix components have been investigated immunohistochemically during neural crest development in the rat. Inside the ectodermal epithelium basal lamina components are formed resulting in a separation of neurectoderm and epidermal ectoderm. Within the presumptive neural crest area fibronectin, hyaluronan and(More)
Axial rotation is an important event during a certain period of development of Amniote embryos. In murine embryos a sharp lordosis changes into a kyphosis. The result is the typical fetal position. In this study a temporal and topological relation is found between an asymmetric mitotic activity in the neural tube and the rotation process. The mitotic(More)
Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder characterized by extreme weight loss and abnormalities of the neuroendocrine and immune systems. To determine the potential role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in anorexia nervosa, serum concentrations of these cytokines were(More)
BACKGROUND The literature is ambiguous as to the question of the developmental background of systemic-pulmonary collateral arteries. These are found in combination with various congenital heart malformations such as pulmonary atresia. From a clinical point of view, it is of interest to know whether we are dealing with the persistence of transient(More)
Atriofascicular accessory bundles with AV-node like conduction properties can sustain atrioventricular (AV) re-entrant tachycardia (Mahaim tachycardia). During early embryogenesis, the AV canal is situated above the primitive left ventricle (LV), and a right AV connection has not been achieved yet. We studied the formation of the right ventricular (RV)(More)
OBJECTIVE The differentiation of the coronary vasculature was studied to establish in particular the formation of the coronary venous system. METHODS Antibody markers were used to demonstrate endothelial, smooth muscle, and fibroblastic cells in serial sections of embryonic quail hearts. The anti-beta myosin heavy chain and the neuronal marker HNK-1 were(More)
Segmental organization of the vertebrate body is one of the major patterns arising during embryonic development. Somites that play an important role in this process show intrinsic patterns of gene expression and differentiation. The somites become polarized in all three dimensions, rostrocaudal, mediolateral and dorsoventral, the quadrants giving rise to(More)
Altered response to growth rate changes in Kluyveromyces lactis versus Saccharomyces cerevisiae as demonstrated by heterologous expression of ribosomal protein 59 {CRY1) Figures 5 and 6 of this article were inadvertantly transposed. The legend to figure 5 should accompany figure 6 as labelled and the legend to figure 6 should accompany figure 5.