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The present study experimentally investigates the effect of different diluted deicers on concrete deterioration. Laboratory simulations of environmental freeze/thaw cycling were first conducted on Portland cement concrete specimens in the presence of various deicers (NaCl, K-formate, NaCl-based deicer, K-acetate-based deicer, Na-acetate/Na-formate blend(More)
ii DISCLAIMER The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), or the Pacific Northwest(More)
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