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The effects of new synthetic lysine-derived anionic surfactants on human and rat erythrocytes were studied. The surfactants were salts of Nalpha,Nepsilon-dioctanoyl lysine with different counterions: lysine (77KK), tris (trishydroxymethyl amminomethane) (77KT), sodium (77KS), and lithium (77KL). 77KK and 77KT showed a biphasic hemolytic behavior in the(More)
The aggressiveness in terms of apogenic and necrotic activities of lysine-derived anionic surfactants towards a mammalian cell line (U937) were studied. We used N(alpha)N(epsilon)-dioctanoyl lysine as the model surfactant with lysine, tris, Na(+) or Li(+) as counterions. The aggressiveness of the different surfactants was assessed as the concentrations(More)
The toxicity of new surfactants containing a β-lactam ring has been established by studying their interaction with a hybridoma cell line. An hour of contact is sufficient to generate an apoptotic signal after two days of culture. Under the experimental conditions chosen for the experiments, surfactants have been divided into three categories: i)(More)
This report represents an investigation into the nature of apoptosis in hybridoma cultures and its significance to their utilization in biotechnology. To this end DNA fragmentation and capillary electrophoresis of genomic DNA was studied during the culture of two hybridoma cell lines. This indicated that the phenomenon of apoptosis was always present even(More)
The toxicity of new surfactants containing a beta-lactam ring has been established by studying their interaction with a hybridoma cell line. An hour of contact is sufficient to generate an apoptotic signal after two days of culture. Under the experimental conditions chosen for the experiments, surfactants have been divided into three categories: i)(More)
1. The average level of the hepatic hydroxylating cytochrome was determined in the cat (0.380 +/- 0.085 nmol.mg-1 proteins). 2. Great individual differences were noted. 3. The level of cytochrome increases with age in the immature (age less than or equal to 8.5 months) and young adults (age: 10-18 months). It is diminished in the older animals. 4. The(More)
Membrane lipid organization and membrane fluidity affect cell functions. The effects of supplementing culture media with a lipid mixture (Ex-Cyte) containing cholesterol, phospholipids and fatty acids on cell growth, antibody production and membrane composition and dynamics in two hybridoma cell lines were studied. A49 cells decreased immunoglobulin(More)
Cultured RDM4 cells were modified with 1 mM trinitrobenzene sulphonate (TNBS) and assayed for lysis by either in vitro generated cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) or complement-mediated humoral immunity. It was observed that cells harvested from the exponentially growing phase culture (as assessed by an important incorporation of thymidine) were more sensitive(More)
Fibronectin has been purified by gelatin-Sepharose affinity chromatography from fresh frozen human plasma. The bound fibronectin was eluted with 3 M urea. The purity of the fibronectin obtained has been checked on (immunoelectrophoresis, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, FPLC). Biological activity of the purified molecule has been monitored by means of(More)